Effects of dietary glutamine supplementation on lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide administration

Yu-Chen Hou, Man Hui Pai, Wan Chun Chiu, Ya Mei Hu, Sung Ling Yeh

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Acute lung injury (ALI) is a critical syndrome associated with respiratory dysfunction, and neutrophils are considered to be central to the pathogenesis of ALI. This study investigated the effects of glutamine (Gln) on neutrophil recruitment in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. C57BL/6 mice were fed a standard diet either with casein as the nitrogen source or with 25% of total nitrogen replaced by Gln. After 10 days, intratracheal instillation of LPS was used to induce ALI. Mice were killed at 0, 6, 12, and 24 h after LPS administration (n = 10/group). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissues were collected for further analysis. The results showed that, compared with the control group, lipid peroxide levels in the lungs were higher at 12 and 24 h after LPS administration in the Gln group. CXC chemokines as well as tumor necrosis factor-α were significantly elevated and reached peaks at 6 h in the Gln group, which was earlier than in the control group. Histopathological findings showed that the thickening of alveolar septal space was extensive in the Gln group 24 h and 2 wk after LPS. Also, greater amounts of collagen had accumulated in lung tissue in the Gln group. This study indicates that dietary Gln administration resulted in higher inflammatory cytokine production, with more neutrophils recruited at the early stage of ALI. These results were consistent with the histopathological findings that Gln supplementation causes more severe interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in a model of ALI induced by LPS.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume296
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2009

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Lung Injury
Dietary Supplements
Glutamine
Lipopolysaccharides
Acute Lung Injury
Lung
Neutrophils
Nitrogen
CXC Chemokines
Control Groups
Neutrophil Infiltration
Lipid Peroxides
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
Caseins
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Fibrosis
Collagen
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
Cytokines
Diet

Keywords

  • Acute lung injury
  • Neutrophil recruitment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Effects of dietary glutamine supplementation on lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide administration",
abstract = "Acute lung injury (ALI) is a critical syndrome associated with respiratory dysfunction, and neutrophils are considered to be central to the pathogenesis of ALI. This study investigated the effects of glutamine (Gln) on neutrophil recruitment in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. C57BL/6 mice were fed a standard diet either with casein as the nitrogen source or with 25{\%} of total nitrogen replaced by Gln. After 10 days, intratracheal instillation of LPS was used to induce ALI. Mice were killed at 0, 6, 12, and 24 h after LPS administration (n = 10/group). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissues were collected for further analysis. The results showed that, compared with the control group, lipid peroxide levels in the lungs were higher at 12 and 24 h after LPS administration in the Gln group. CXC chemokines as well as tumor necrosis factor-α were significantly elevated and reached peaks at 6 h in the Gln group, which was earlier than in the control group. Histopathological findings showed that the thickening of alveolar septal space was extensive in the Gln group 24 h and 2 wk after LPS. Also, greater amounts of collagen had accumulated in lung tissue in the Gln group. This study indicates that dietary Gln administration resulted in higher inflammatory cytokine production, with more neutrophils recruited at the early stage of ALI. These results were consistent with the histopathological findings that Gln supplementation causes more severe interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in a model of ALI induced by LPS.",
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author = "Yu-Chen Hou and Pai, {Man Hui} and Chiu, {Wan Chun} and Hu, {Ya Mei} and Yeh, {Sung Ling}",
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T1 - Effects of dietary glutamine supplementation on lung injury induced by lipopolysaccharide administration

AU - Hou, Yu-Chen

AU - Pai, Man Hui

AU - Chiu, Wan Chun

AU - Hu, Ya Mei

AU - Yeh, Sung Ling

PY - 2009/3

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N2 - Acute lung injury (ALI) is a critical syndrome associated with respiratory dysfunction, and neutrophils are considered to be central to the pathogenesis of ALI. This study investigated the effects of glutamine (Gln) on neutrophil recruitment in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. C57BL/6 mice were fed a standard diet either with casein as the nitrogen source or with 25% of total nitrogen replaced by Gln. After 10 days, intratracheal instillation of LPS was used to induce ALI. Mice were killed at 0, 6, 12, and 24 h after LPS administration (n = 10/group). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissues were collected for further analysis. The results showed that, compared with the control group, lipid peroxide levels in the lungs were higher at 12 and 24 h after LPS administration in the Gln group. CXC chemokines as well as tumor necrosis factor-α were significantly elevated and reached peaks at 6 h in the Gln group, which was earlier than in the control group. Histopathological findings showed that the thickening of alveolar septal space was extensive in the Gln group 24 h and 2 wk after LPS. Also, greater amounts of collagen had accumulated in lung tissue in the Gln group. This study indicates that dietary Gln administration resulted in higher inflammatory cytokine production, with more neutrophils recruited at the early stage of ALI. These results were consistent with the histopathological findings that Gln supplementation causes more severe interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in a model of ALI induced by LPS.

AB - Acute lung injury (ALI) is a critical syndrome associated with respiratory dysfunction, and neutrophils are considered to be central to the pathogenesis of ALI. This study investigated the effects of glutamine (Gln) on neutrophil recruitment in a model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. C57BL/6 mice were fed a standard diet either with casein as the nitrogen source or with 25% of total nitrogen replaced by Gln. After 10 days, intratracheal instillation of LPS was used to induce ALI. Mice were killed at 0, 6, 12, and 24 h after LPS administration (n = 10/group). Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and lung tissues were collected for further analysis. The results showed that, compared with the control group, lipid peroxide levels in the lungs were higher at 12 and 24 h after LPS administration in the Gln group. CXC chemokines as well as tumor necrosis factor-α were significantly elevated and reached peaks at 6 h in the Gln group, which was earlier than in the control group. Histopathological findings showed that the thickening of alveolar septal space was extensive in the Gln group 24 h and 2 wk after LPS. Also, greater amounts of collagen had accumulated in lung tissue in the Gln group. This study indicates that dietary Gln administration resulted in higher inflammatory cytokine production, with more neutrophils recruited at the early stage of ALI. These results were consistent with the histopathological findings that Gln supplementation causes more severe interstitial inflammation and fibrosis in a model of ALI induced by LPS.

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