Effects of bromide on the formation of THMs and HAAs

E. E. Chang, Y. P. Lin, P. C. Chiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

111 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of bromide in the formation and speciation of disinfection by-products (DBPs) during chlorination was investigated. The molar ratio of applied chlorine to bromide is an important factor in the formation and speciation of trihalomethanes (THMs) and halogenacetic acids (HAAs). A good relationship exists between the molar fractions of THMs and the bromide incorporation factor. The halogen substitution ability of HOBr and HOCl during the formation of THMs and HAAs can be determined based on probability theory. The formation of HAAs, and their respective concentrations, can also be estimated through use of the developed model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1029-1034
Number of pages6
JournalChemosphere
Volume43
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Trihalomethanes
Bromides
bromide
Acids
acid
Probability Theory
Halogens
Disinfection
Chlorination
Halogenation
Chlorine
halogen
chlorination
disinfection
Byproducts
chlorine
substitution
Substitution reactions
effect

Keywords

  • Bromide
  • Chlorination
  • Haloacetic acids
  • Trihalomethanes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Chang, E. E., Lin, Y. P., & Chiang, P. C. (2001). Effects of bromide on the formation of THMs and HAAs. Chemosphere, 43(8), 1029-1034. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00210-1

Effects of bromide on the formation of THMs and HAAs. / Chang, E. E.; Lin, Y. P.; Chiang, P. C.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 43, No. 8, 2001, p. 1029-1034.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chang, EE, Lin, YP & Chiang, PC 2001, 'Effects of bromide on the formation of THMs and HAAs', Chemosphere, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 1029-1034. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00210-1
Chang, E. E. ; Lin, Y. P. ; Chiang, P. C. / Effects of bromide on the formation of THMs and HAAs. In: Chemosphere. 2001 ; Vol. 43, No. 8. pp. 1029-1034.
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