水中阻力增強式訓練對大專籃球選手下肢肌力、跳躍能力及動態穩定度之影響

Translated title of the contribution: Effects of Aquatic Resistance Plyometric Training on Lower Limb Strength, Jumping Performance and Dynamic Stability in Collegiate Basketball Players

鍾雨純, 陳竑廷, 何松諺, 李凌純, 吳慧君

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 8 weeks aquatic resistance plyometric training (ARPT) on lower limb strength, jumping performance, dynamic stability and muscle soreness, and also to determine the persistence of training effect following 4 weeks detraining in collegiate basketball players. Fifteen Division I male basketball players from Chinese Culture University (CCU) (age: 19.8 ± 0.9 yr, height: 186.1 ± 5.7 cm, weight: 82.9 ± 5.7 kg) were randomly assigned into ARPT and C (control) groups. After the pretests, participants in both training groups performed two 60-min training sessions per week for 8 weeks. Posttest analyses were conducted after first and fourth week of detraining. Results indicated that 4 weeks detraining significantly improved the relative peak torque of knee extension with angular velocity set at 60°.S^(-1) and 180°.S^(-1), and jump height of three-step jump (TSJ) compared to pre-test in ARPT group. Furthermore, relative peak torque with angular velocity set at 180°.S^(-1) and contact time of TSJ were also significantly improved following 4-week detraining than 1 week after training. The Star Excursion Balance Test of ARPT group was significantly improved than pre-test following 1 and 4 weeks of detraining. We conclude that the aquatic resistance plyometric training significantly improved the dynamic stability of the lower limbs, and these effects appear to be sustained until 4 weeks following detraining. Although the effect of ARPT has a delay phenomenon in lower limb strength and jumping performance after 8-week training, however, following 4-week detraining, the effects are significantly better than pre-test and 1 week after training. We recommend that aquatic resistance plyometric training could be applied with tapering, which may be beneficial to maintain the s pecific physical fitness in the longer season.
Original languageTraditional Chinese
Pages (from-to)79-91
Number of pages13
Journal大專體育學刊
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Plyometric Exercise
Basketball
Resistance Training
Lower Extremity
Torque
Physical Fitness
Myalgia
Knee
Weights and Measures
Control Groups

Keywords

  • aquatic resistance exercise
  • muscle damage
  • detraining

Cite this

水中阻力增強式訓練對大專籃球選手下肢肌力、跳躍能力及動態穩定度之影響. / 鍾雨純; 陳竑廷; 何松諺; 李凌純; 吳慧君.

In: 大專體育學刊, Vol. 18, No. 2, 2016, p. 79-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

鍾雨純 ; 陳竑廷 ; 何松諺 ; 李凌純 ; 吳慧君. / 水中阻力增強式訓練對大專籃球選手下肢肌力、跳躍能力及動態穩定度之影響. In: 大專體育學刊. 2016 ; Vol. 18, No. 2. pp. 79-91.
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title = "水中阻力增強式訓練對大專籃球選手下肢肌力、跳躍能力及動態穩定度之影響",
abstract = "本研究目的在比較介入8週水中阻力增強式訓練對下肢肌力、跳躍能力、動態穩定度、肌肉痠痛及停訓4週後保留效果之影響。方法是以中國文化大學15名男籃代表隊選手為對象(平均年齡19.8 ± 0.9歲、身高 186.1 ± 5.7公分、體重82.9 ± 5.7公斤)。隨機分成水中阻力增強式訓練組及控制組,前測後展開為期8週, 每週2次,每次60分鐘之訓練;再於結束後1週及4週施予後測。研究結果發現:一、水中阻力增強式訓 練組停訓後4週,在60°.s^(-1)、180°.s^(-1) 膝伸相對力矩峰值及3步擺臂垂直跳之跳躍高度均顯著優於前測,且在180° s^(-1)膝伸相對力矩峰值及3步擺臂垂直跳落地接觸時間亦顯著優於訓練後1週。二、水中阻力增強 式訓練組在訓練結束後1週及4 週之動態穩定度指數均顯著優於前測。本研究結論:水中阻力增強式訓練可顯著改善下肢動態穩定度,且其效果可保留至停止訓練後4週。水中阻力增強式訓練對下肢肌力及跳躍高度之效果,有延遲出現之現象,在停訓4週後均顯著優於訓練前。建議可應用水中阻力增強式訓練並配合賽前減量計畫,以利在較長的賽季中維持專項體能。",
keywords = "水中阻力運動, 肌肉損傷, 停止訓練, aquatic resistance exercise, muscle damage, detraining",
author = "鍾雨純 and 陳竑廷 and 何松諺 and 李凌純 and 吳慧君",
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pages = "79--91",
journal = "大專體育學刊",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - 水中阻力增強式訓練對大專籃球選手下肢肌力、跳躍能力及動態穩定度之影響

AU - 鍾雨純, null

AU - 陳竑廷, null

AU - 何松諺, null

AU - 李凌純, null

AU - 吳慧君, null

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N2 - 本研究目的在比較介入8週水中阻力增強式訓練對下肢肌力、跳躍能力、動態穩定度、肌肉痠痛及停訓4週後保留效果之影響。方法是以中國文化大學15名男籃代表隊選手為對象(平均年齡19.8 ± 0.9歲、身高 186.1 ± 5.7公分、體重82.9 ± 5.7公斤)。隨機分成水中阻力增強式訓練組及控制組,前測後展開為期8週, 每週2次,每次60分鐘之訓練;再於結束後1週及4週施予後測。研究結果發現:一、水中阻力增強式訓 練組停訓後4週,在60°.s^(-1)、180°.s^(-1) 膝伸相對力矩峰值及3步擺臂垂直跳之跳躍高度均顯著優於前測,且在180° s^(-1)膝伸相對力矩峰值及3步擺臂垂直跳落地接觸時間亦顯著優於訓練後1週。二、水中阻力增強 式訓練組在訓練結束後1週及4 週之動態穩定度指數均顯著優於前測。本研究結論:水中阻力增強式訓練可顯著改善下肢動態穩定度,且其效果可保留至停止訓練後4週。水中阻力增強式訓練對下肢肌力及跳躍高度之效果,有延遲出現之現象,在停訓4週後均顯著優於訓練前。建議可應用水中阻力增強式訓練並配合賽前減量計畫,以利在較長的賽季中維持專項體能。

AB - 本研究目的在比較介入8週水中阻力增強式訓練對下肢肌力、跳躍能力、動態穩定度、肌肉痠痛及停訓4週後保留效果之影響。方法是以中國文化大學15名男籃代表隊選手為對象(平均年齡19.8 ± 0.9歲、身高 186.1 ± 5.7公分、體重82.9 ± 5.7公斤)。隨機分成水中阻力增強式訓練組及控制組,前測後展開為期8週, 每週2次,每次60分鐘之訓練;再於結束後1週及4週施予後測。研究結果發現:一、水中阻力增強式訓 練組停訓後4週,在60°.s^(-1)、180°.s^(-1) 膝伸相對力矩峰值及3步擺臂垂直跳之跳躍高度均顯著優於前測,且在180° s^(-1)膝伸相對力矩峰值及3步擺臂垂直跳落地接觸時間亦顯著優於訓練後1週。二、水中阻力增強 式訓練組在訓練結束後1週及4 週之動態穩定度指數均顯著優於前測。本研究結論:水中阻力增強式訓練可顯著改善下肢動態穩定度,且其效果可保留至停止訓練後4週。水中阻力增強式訓練對下肢肌力及跳躍高度之效果,有延遲出現之現象,在停訓4週後均顯著優於訓練前。建議可應用水中阻力增強式訓練並配合賽前減量計畫,以利在較長的賽季中維持專項體能。

KW - 水中阻力運動

KW - 肌肉損傷

KW - 停止訓練

KW - aquatic resistance exercise

KW - muscle damage

KW - detraining

U2 - 10.5297/ser.1802.001

DO - 10.5297/ser.1802.001

M3 - 文章

VL - 18

SP - 79

EP - 91

JO - 大專體育學刊

JF - 大專體育學刊

SN - 1563-3470

IS - 2

ER -