Effects of a prenatal yoga programme on the discomforts of pregnancy and maternal childbirth self-efficacy in Taiwan

Yi Chin Sun, Ya C. Hung, Yuan-May Chang, Su Chen Kuo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

68 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: to evaluate a yoga programme provided to primigravidas in the third trimester of pregnancy with the aim of decreasing the discomforts associated with pregnancy and increasing childbirth self-efficacy. Design: non-randomised controlled experimental study. Setting: a hospital in northern Taiwan. Participants: the target population was primigravidas at 26-28 weeks of gestation (no high-risk pregnancies) who had not engaged in regular exercise or yoga for at least one year. The study included 88 individuals; 43 in the control group and 45 in the experimental group who took part in the prenatal yoga programme. Intervention: the duration of the prenatal yoga programme was 12-14 weeks, with at least three sessions per week. Each workout lasted for 30 minutes. Measurements and findings: women who took part in the prenatal yoga programme reported significantly fewer pregnancy discomforts than the control group (38.28 vs 43.26, z=-2.58, p=0.01) at 38-40 weeks of gestation. The subjects who participated in the yoga programme exhibited higher outcome and self-efficacy expectancies during the active stage of labour (104.13 vs 83.53, t=3.24, p=0.002; 99.26 vs 77.70, t=3.99, p≤0.001) and the second stage of labour (113.33 vs 88.42, t=3.33, p=0.002; 102.19 vs 79.40, t=3.71, p≤0.001) compared with the control group. Key conclusions: the provision of booklets and videos on yoga during pregnancy may contribute to a reduction in pregnancy discomforts and improved childbirth self-efficacy. Implications for practice: this yoga programme provides health-care professionals with an evidence-based intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010


  • Childbirth self-efficacy
  • Pregnancy discomforts
  • Yoga

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Maternity and Midwifery


Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of a prenatal yoga programme on the discomforts of pregnancy and maternal childbirth self-efficacy in Taiwan'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this