The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a home-based walking program on the risk factors and mood status of middle-aged women at high risk of cardiovascular disease. A quasi-experimental design and a purposive sampling were applied in this study. Subjects were recruited from the community and from a medical center in Taipei. These subjects, females aged between 35 and 64 years and at high risk of cardiovascular disease were randomly assigned into an exercise and a control group. The exercise group (n=23) participated in a twelve-week, home-based exercise program, three times a week, for 30 minutes each time. Subjects in the control group (n=24) continued their previous daily routine. Data on exercise testing, blood pressure, biochemical blood examination and the short form of the Profile of Mood States (SF-POMS) of each subject were collected at the start of the study, in the eighth week, and in the twelfth week of the study. The data were analyzed by SPSS software and t-test, Chi-square, repeated-measures and two-factors ANOVA. The results showed: body weight, body mass index, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, and scores for ”Fatigue-Inertia” mood status were improved significantly for the subjects in the exercise group after twelve-week walking exercise training. However, no significant differences were found in diastolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose level and blood lipid profile. The results of this study suggest that a home-based walking program might play an important role in the reduction of cardiovascular risk factors in middle-aged women.
- home-based exercise training
- middle-age women
- cardiovascular disease risk factors
- mood state