Effects of ω-3 fatty acids on leukocyte Th1/Th2 cytokine and integrin expression in rats with gut-derived sepsis

Ming Tsan Lin, Chun-Sen Hsu, Sung Ling Yeh, Chiu Li Yeh, King Jen Chang, Po Huang Lee, Wei Jao Chen

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: This study examined the effect of fish oil (FO)-enriched diets before and/or ω-3 fatty acid-containing total parenteral nutrition (TPN) after sepsis on the distribution of the T-lymphocyte subpopulation, intracellular cytokine, and intestinal immunity in rats with gut-derived sepsis. Methods: Rats were assigned to a control or one of four experimental groups. The control group and groups 1 and 2 were fed a semipurified diet, and groups 3 and 4 received FO instead of 20% soybean oil. After feeding the diets for 10 d, sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in the experimental groups, whereas a sham operation was performed in the control group. TPN was maintained for 3 d after the CLP or sham operation. The control group and groups 1 and 3 were infused with conventional TPN, whereas the TPN solution used for groups 2 and 4 were supplemented with FO. All rats were sacrificed 3 d after the operation to examine their immune responses. Results: Plasma and intestinal immunoglobin A levels were higher in the FO-supplemented groups than in the control group and group 1. Lymphocyte interferon-γ expression in groups 3 and 4 was significantly lower, whereas interleukin-4 expression was higher than those of the control group and groups 1 and 2. The splenocyte CD4 percentage in groups 3 and 4 and the CD4/CD8 ratio in group 4 were significantly higher than those in group 1. Conclusion: These findings suggest that FO administration before and/or after CLP are not immunosuppressive. FO-enriched diets before or before and after CLP resulted in a T-helper type 2 response and enhanced immunoglobulin A secretion. In addition, the splenocyte CD4 levels and CD4/CD8 ratio were maintained in rats with gut-derived sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-186
Number of pages8
JournalNutrition
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2007

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Keywords

  • Fish oil
  • Gut-derived sepsis
  • Immunoglobin A
  • Lymphocyte subpopulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Surgery
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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