Effectiveness and Safety of Clopidogrel vs Aspirin in Elderly Patients With Ischemic Stroke

Hsin Yi Huang, Shin Yi Lin, Aaron J. Katz, Jau Jiuan Sheu, Fang Ju Lin, Chi Chuan Wang, Chung Hsuen Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the risks of recurrent stroke and major bleeding events with clopidogrel and aspirin use among patients aged 80 years or older. Patients and Methods: This retrospective cohort study was conducted using the Full Population Data of the Health and Welfare Database in Taiwan. Patients aged 80 years or older who received monotherapy with clopidogrel or aspirin following hospitalization for primary acute ischemic stroke between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2018, were included. Inverse probability of treatment weighting was used to balance measured covariates between clopidogrel and aspirin users. Measured outcomes included recurrent acute ischemic stroke, acute myocardial infarction, composite cardiovascular events (recurrent stroke or acute myocardial infarction), intracranial hemorrhage, major gastrointestinal tract bleeding, and composite major bleeding events (intracranial hemorrhage or major gastrointestinal tract bleeding). Results: A total of 15,045 patients were included in the study, 1979 of whom used clopidogrel and 13,066 who used aspirin following hospitalization for primary acute ischemic stroke. Clopidogrel use was associated with significantly lower risk of recurrent acute ischemic stroke (hazard ratio [HR], 0.89; 95% CI, 0.83 to 0.96; P=.002), composite cardiovascular events (HR, 0.88; 95% CI, 0.82 to 0.95; P<.001), intracranial hemorrhage (HR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.56 to 0.90; P=.005), and composite major bleeding events (HR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.80 to 0.99; P=.04) compared with aspirin use. Conclusion: In patients aged 80 years or older with primary acute ischemic stroke, clopidogrel users had lower risks of recurrent stroke and the composite cardiovascular events compared with aspirin users. Clopidogrel users also had lower risks of intracranial hemorrhage and the composite major bleeding events compared with aspirin users.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1483-1492
Number of pages10
JournalMayo Clinic Proceedings
Volume97
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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