Effect of tantalum pentoxide addition on the radiopacity performance of Bi2 O3 /Ta2 O5 composite powders prepared by mechanical milling

Hsiu Na Lin, Chung Kwei Lin, Pei Jung Chang, Wei Min Chang, Alex Fang, Chin Yi Chen, Chia Chun Yu, Pee Yew Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Among the various phases of bismuth oxide, the high temperature metastable face-centered cubic δ phase attracts great attention due to its unique properties. It can be used as an ionic conductor or an endodontic radiopacifying material. However, no reports concerning tantalum and bismuth binary oxide prepared by high energy ball milling and serving as a dental radiopacifier can be found. In the present study, Ta2 O5-added Bi2 O3 composite powders were mechanically milled to investigate the formation of these metastable phases. The as-milled powders were examined by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy to reveal the structural evolution. The as-milled composite powders then served as the radiopacifier within mineral trioxide aggregates (i.e., MTA). Radiopacity performance, diametral tensile strength, setting times, and biocompatibility of MTA-like cements solidified by deionized water, saline, or 10% calcium chloride solution were investigated. The experimental results showed that subsequent formation of high temperature metastable β-Bi7.8 Ta0.2 O12.2, δ-Bi2 O3, and δ-Bi3 TaO7 phases can be observed after mechanical milling of (Bi2 O3)95 (Ta2 O5)5 or (Bi2 O3)80 (Ta2 O5)20 powder mixtures. Compared to its pristine Bi2 O3 counterpart with a radiopacity of 4.42 mmAl, long setting times (60 and 120 min for initial and final setting times) and 84% MG-63 cell viability, MTA-like cement prepared from (Bi2 O3)95 (Ta2 O5)5 powder exhibited superior performance with a radiopacity of 5.92 mmAl (the highest in the present work), accelerated setting times (the initial and final setting time can be shortened to 25 and 40 min, respectively), and biocompatibility (94% cell viability).

Original languageEnglish
Article number7447
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2021


  • Biocompatibility
  • Bismuth oxide
  • Diametral tensile strength
  • High temperature metastable phase
  • Mechanical milling
  • Radiopacity
  • Setting time
  • Tantalum pentoxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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