Long-term exposure to high concentrations of air pollution is known to lead to increased cardiovascular disease, but it remains unclear whether short-term exposure increases the incidence of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and acute heart failure (AHF). A time-stratified case-crossover design was used, including data from the 2-year period (January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2018), from the National Health Insurance Academic Research Database of Taiwan. Air pollution data were obtained from the Air Quality Monitoring Station of the Environmental Protection Agency of the Executive Yuan. A generalized linear model was used for statistical analysis. In areas with a long-term moderate severity of air pollution, a 10 μg/m3 increase in fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and particulate matter (PM10) exposure in a short period of time coincided with an increase in AMI by 6.5% to 6.7% and 0.9% to 1.1%, respectively, and AHF by 6.1% to 6.4% and 0.9% to 1.0%, respectively. A long-term high severity of air pollution (PM2.5 and PM10) coincided with an increase in AMI by 7.9% to 8.8% and 4.4% to 4.9%, respectively, and AHF by 7.6% to 8.4% and 4.3% to 4.8%, respectively. In areas with a long-term moderate or high severity of air pollution, short-term exposure to high concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10 pollution is positively correlated with AMI and AHF.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine