Effect of plasma selenium, red blood cell cadmium, total urinary arsenic levels, and eGFR on renal cell carcinoma

Yu Mei Hsueh, Ying Chin Lin, Ya Li Huang, Horng Sheng Shiue, Yeong Shiau Pu, Chao Yuan Huang, Chi Jung Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

High total urinary arsenic concentrations and low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) increase the risk of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). This study aimed to determine whether other metals or metalloids can affect RCC. A total of 401 patients with RCC and 774 age- and sex-matched controls were recruited between November 2006 and December 2012 in Taiwan. Surgical resection or image-guided biopsy of renal tumors was performed to pathologically verify RCC. High-performance liquid chromatography linked to a hydride generator and atomic absorption spectrometer were used to measure the urinary arsenic species concentrations. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry was used to determine plasma selenium and red blood cell cadmium and lead concentration. Plasma selenium levels were inversely related to RCC, whereas red blood cell cadmium levels were directly related to RCC. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were 0.14 (95% CI, 0.10–0.20) and 1.33 (95% CI, 1.03–1.72), respectively. A low plasma selenium level tended to interact with high total urinary arsenic levels or with high red blood cell cadmium concentration to increase the OR of RCC. In particular, low eGFR multiplicatively interacted with high red blood cell cadmium concentration to increase the OR of RCC (Pinteraction = 0.003). This study was the first to find a significant multiplicative interaction between eGFR and the red blood cell cadmium levels on the increased OR of RCC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number141547
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume750
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2021

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Cadmium
  • Renal cell carcinoma
  • Selenium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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