Effect of oxygen concentration and tantalum addition on the formation of high temperature bismuth oxide phase by mechanochemical reaction

Hsiu Na Lin, May Show Chen, Yu Hsueh Chang, Pee Yew Lee, Chung Kwei Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)


High-temperature face-centered cubic bismuth oxide phase is a material of great interest given its unique properties. In the present study, α-Bi2O3 and tantalum powders were used as the starting powders for the formation of high-temperature bismuth oxide phase via mechanochemical synthesis by high energy ball milling. (Bi2O3)80(Ta)20 and (Bi2O3)95(Ta)5 in weight concentrations were milled in either an oxygen-free argon-filled glove box environment or an ambient atmosphere to investigate the effects of oxygen concentration and tantalum addition. The as-milled powders were examined using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive spectroscopy, and differential scanning calorimetry to reveal the structural evolution. The experimental results showed that for (Bi2O3)95(Ta)5 powder mixtures milled within the glove box, tantalum gradually reacted with the α-Bi2O3 phase and formed a β-Bi7.8Ta0.2O12.2 phase. For (Bi2O3)80(Ta)20 milled under the same conditions, Ta and α-Bi2O3 mechanochemically reacted to form δ-Bi3TaO7 and bismuth after 10 min of high energy ball milling, whereas milling (Bi2O3)80(Ta)20 under the ambient atmosphere with a much higher oxygen concentration accelerated the mechanochemical reaction to less than five minutes of milling and resulted in the formation of high-temperature δ-Bi3TaO7 phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1947
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2019



  • Bismuth oxide
  • High temperature metastable phase
  • Mechanical milling
  • Mechanochemical reaction
  • Phase transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this