The neural mechanism underlying the effect of electroacupuncture (Ea) on arterial blood pressure (BP) and adrenal nerve activity (ANA) was investigated in anesthetized rats. Tsusanli (St-36) and Hoku (Li-4) were tested with combinations of two different frequencies (3 and 30 Hz) with various stimulation intensities of Ea. At Tsusanli, no effect was found, while at Hoku, an elevation of BP in parallel with ANA was elicited during Ea when the intensity was 5xT or higher. The pattern of the pressor response caused by the low frequency Ea (LFEa, 3 Hz) was a tonic one, while a phasic one was induced by the high frequency Ea (HFEa, 30 Hz). When both Hoku were simultaneously stimulated with the same frequency, the latency to reach the maximal effect was shortened. However, when two different frequencies were used instead, a response characterized by a combination of both phasic and tonic effect was obtained. In bilateral Ea with idential frequency but different onset time, the pressor effect elicited by the latter Ea showed no further increase during the stimulation period, however, when different frequencies were employed, each Ea elicited its own effect independently. The pressor effect elicited by Ea was abolished by regitine but not affected by adrenalectomy. It is concluded that a LFEa and a HFEa at Hoku with appropriate stimulation parameters can increase BP which is mainly due to potentiation of the sympathetic vasoconstrictor tone but via different central mechanisms. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd.
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - May 5 2000|
- Adrenal nerve
- Blood pressure
ASJC Scopus subject areas