Effect of early radiotherapy initiation and high-dose chemotherapy on the prognosis of pediatric atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors in different age groups

Wan Chin Yang, Hsiu Ju Yen, Muh Lii Liang, Hsin Hung Chen, Yi Yen Lee, Feng Chi Chang, Shih Chieh Lin, Tai Tong Wong, Yu Wen Hu, Yi Wei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The optimal treatment strategy for pediatric atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumor (ATRT) is inconclusive. This study evaluated the prognostic value of early radiotherapy (RT) and high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem cell rescue (HDC/ASCR) in pediatric ATRT. Methods: This pooled analysis included ATRT patients treated at our institution and from other studies who were identified by a search of the PubMed electronic database. The effect of patient demographics and treatment profiles on progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were analyzed using Cox regression. Results: Overall, 34 patients from our institution and 436 patients from 35 published studies were included. In multivariable analysis, patients with gross total resection (GTR), early RT (time to RT interval < 2 months), and HDC/ASCR had both better PFS [hazard ratio (HR) 0.46, p< 0.001; HR 0.64, p = 0.011; and HR 0.51, p = 0.005, respectively] and OS (HR 0.55, p = 0.002; HR 0.48, p = 0.004; and HR 0.42, p < 0.001, respectively). For patients aged < 3 years, both RT and HDC/ASCR were significant favorable factors for PFS (HR 0.32 and 0.46, respectively) and OS (HR 0.40 and 0.36, respectively), while early RT was not prognostic. For patients aged ≥ 3 years, early RT was significantly associated with better PFS (HR 0.51) and HDC/ASCR did not affect PFS, and neither was related to OS. Conclusion: Both early RT initiation and HDC/ASCR were important components in the treatment of pediatric ATRT. However, the optimal treatment strategies might differ by age.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Age
  • ATRT
  • Ethnicity
  • High-dose chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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