Effect of distance to trauma centre, trauma centre level, and trauma centre region on fatal injuries among motorcyclists in taiwan

Bayu Satria Wiratama, Ping Ling Chen, Chung Jen Chao, Ming Heng Wang, Wafaa Saleh, Hui An Lin, Chih Wei Pai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Studies have suggested that trauma centre-related risk factors, such as distance to the nearest trauma hospital, are strong predictors of fatal injuries among motorists. Few studies have used a national dataset to study the effect of trauma centre-related risk factors on fatal injuries among motorists and motorcyclists in a country where traffic is dominated by motorcycles. This study investigated the effect of distance from the nearest trauma hospital on fatal injuries from two-vehicle crashes in Taiwan from 2017 to 2019. Methods: A crash dataset and hospital location dataset were combined. The crash dataset was extracted from the National Taiwan Traffic Crash Dataset from 1 January 2017 through 31 December 2019. The primary exposure in this study was distance to the nearest trauma hospital. This study performed a multiple logistic regression to calculate the adjusted odds ratios (AORs) for fatal injuries. Results: The multivariate logistic regression models indicated that motorcyclists involved in crashes located ≥5 km from the nearest trauma hospital and in Eastern Taiwan were approximately five times more likely to sustain fatal injuries (AOR = 5.26; 95% CI: 3.69–7.49). Conclusions: Distance to, level of, and region of the nearest trauma centre are critical risk factors for fatal injuries among motorcyclists but not motorists. To reduce the mortality rate of trauma cases among motorcyclists, interventions should focus on improving access to trauma hospitals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2998
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2 2021

Keywords

  • Fatal injury
  • Motorcyclist
  • Motorist
  • Traffic crashes
  • Trauma centre

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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