Background: Subcutaneous pockets provide an extrahepatic transplant site for islet grafting to treat type 1 diabetes. However, a hypoxic environment may cause central necrosis to islets and lead to graft failure. Our previous studies focused on a pre-treated subcutaneous site with basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)for the formation of vascular bed. In addition to neovascularization, bFGF was also shown to protect islets against oxidative stress and chemical-induced damage in vitro. Accordingly, we propose that subcutaneous islet transplantation with a bFGF-slow releasing device simultaneously can improve islet survival in vivo. Methods: A bFGF-impregnated collagen sheet was implanted in the right back of a streptozotocin-induced diabetic mouse for neovascularization. After 10 days, the sheet was removed and the rat islet-embedding gel within the immune-isolation device was transplanted (2-time operation [OP]). In another group, the diabetic mice received bFGF-impregnated gel with rat islets within the immune-isolation device simultaneously (1-time OP). Results: Diabetic mice in 2-time OP group experienced a decrease in their non-fasting blood glucose level for a period of 10 days, and the glucose levels were lower than those of untreated diabetic mice post-implantation. However, the mice in the 1-time OP group remained hyperglycemic post-operation and showed no improvements in body weight or the area under curve in intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test. Furthermore, mice in the 2-time OP had relatively higher serum insulin levels with improved renal and metabolic biomarkers. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that bFGF had no beneficial effect on a 1-time operation in subcutaneous islet transplantation.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1 2019|
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