EDM surface characteristics and shape recovery ability of Ti 35.5Ni48.5Zr16 and Ni60Al 24.5Fe15.5 ternary shape memory alloys

S. F. Hsieh, Albert W.J. Hsue, S. L. Chen, M. H. Lin, K. L. Ou, P. L. Mao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Electro-discharge craters and recast materials are observed in the electro-discharge machining (EDM) surface of Ti35.5Ni 48.5Zr16 and Ni60Al24.5Fe 15.5 alloys. The recast layer is composed of TiO, NiO, ZrO 2, Fe2O3, Al2O3. The hardening effect near the outer surface for EDMed TiNiZr alloy originates from the surface oxides of the recast layer. The thickness of the recast layer increases upon growing pulse energy. The EDMed Ti35.5Ni 48.5Zr16 alloy still exhibits a good shape recovery, but the shape recovery is slightly reduced due to the depression of the recast layer. The material removal rate (MRR) of Ti35.5Ni 48.5Zr16 alloy is less than that of Ni60Al 24.5Fe15.5 alloy because of the larger θ × kα value. A high discharge energy should have a larger and deeper craters, and a rougher surface. The surface roughness of the EDMed TiNiZr and NiAlFe SMAs is found to obey the empirical equation of Ra = C(IP × τP)β. Having a larger θ × Kα value, Ti35.5Ni48.5Zr16 alloy has a lower Ra value than that of Ni60Al24.5Fe 15.5 alloy after electro-discharge machining.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Alloys and Compounds
Publication statusPublished - Sep 15 2013


  • Electro-discharge machining (EDM)
  • Roughness
  • TiNiZr shape memory alloys

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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