Early versus late nutrition support in premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome

Man Yau Ho, Yu Hsuan Yen, Mao Chih Hsieh, Hsiang Yin Chen, Shu Chen Chien, Shing Mei Hus-Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective study evaluated two different modes of nutrition supplementation in premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. METHODS: Data were collected from the medical records of premature infants treated from January 1, 1997 to July 31, 2000. Seventeen infants were given peripheral amino acids and gradual advanced minimal hypocaloric enteral feeding within the first 48 h (early nutrition group), and 19 infants received nutrition supplementation more than 48 h after birth (late nutrition group). Groups were similar with regard to gestational age, birth weight, Apgar score, mode of delivery, and diagnosis. RESULTS: Compared with infants in the late nutrition group, those in the early nutrition group required fewer days of parenteral nutrition, fewer days to reach full enteral feeding, fewer days of mechanical ventilation, fewer days of aminophylline use, fewer days to regain birth weight, and had a lower percentage of maximal weight loss. Other physiologic parameters such as age at maximal weight loss, weight gain after day 10, and hospital days required favored the use of early nutrition. CONCLUSIONS: Early nutrition to maintain a positive energy balance in premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome is beneficial.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-260
Number of pages4
JournalNutrition
Volume19
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2003

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Enteral Nutrition
Newborn Infant
Birth Weight
Weight Loss
Aminophylline
Apgar Score
Parenteral Nutrition
Artificial Respiration
Premature Infants
Gestational Age
Weight Gain
Medical Records
Retrospective Studies
Parturition
Amino Acids

Keywords

  • Early nutrition
  • Energy balance
  • Late nutrition
  • Premature neonates
  • Respiratory distress syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Surgery
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Early versus late nutrition support in premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. / Ho, Man Yau; Yen, Yu Hsuan; Hsieh, Mao Chih; Chen, Hsiang Yin; Chien, Shu Chen; Hus-Lee, Shing Mei.

In: Nutrition, Vol. 19, No. 3, 01.03.2003, p. 257-260.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ho, Man Yau ; Yen, Yu Hsuan ; Hsieh, Mao Chih ; Chen, Hsiang Yin ; Chien, Shu Chen ; Hus-Lee, Shing Mei. / Early versus late nutrition support in premature neonates with respiratory distress syndrome. In: Nutrition. 2003 ; Vol. 19, No. 3. pp. 257-260.
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