Early seizures after severe closed head injury

Shih Tseng Lee, Tai Ngar Lui, Cheuk Wah Wong, Yi Shen Yeh, Wen Ching Tzaan, Tzu Yung Chen, Shang Yu Hung, Chieh Tsai Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We studied the incidence and clinical significance of early post-traumatic seizures after severe closed head injury. Methods: This prospective study is based on clinical observation of 3340 adult patients with severe closed head injuries, each of them having a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 3 to 8 after trauma. Anticonvulsant agents were not given to these patients unless there was evidence of seizure. Results: One hundred and twenty-one patients (3.6%) experienced seizures within 1 week after head injury; 42 of these (1.26% of the series) had seizures within 24 hours after trauma. The incidence of intracerebral parenchymal damage was found to be higher among those patients who developed seizures in the first week (66.1%) than in those who did not (62.7%). However this result did not reach statistical significance. The patients with early seizures had a lower mortality rate (p <0.01). In patients who survived from the initial injury, the occurrence of early post-traumatic seizures did not appear to influence the neurological recovery at 6 months after injury. Conclusion: Presence of intracerebral parenchymal damage on CT scan after severe closed head injury does not increase the risk of early post-traumatic seizures. With proper treatment, patients presenting with early seizures may have a lower mortality rate. However, the occurrence of early seizures does not influence the neurological recovery in patients who survive the initial severe closed head injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-43
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Journal of Neurological Sciences
Volume24
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

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