Dynamic floating stations model for emergency medical services with a consideration of traffic data

Chih Hong Sun, Chen Yang Cheng, Cheng Hui Wang, Po Huan Hsiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

To equally distribute the workload and minimize the travel distance for fire departments, we developed a new dynamic floating stations model (DFSM) to target traffic-related emergency medical services (EMS) during peak hours. This study revealed that traffic-related EMS incidents have different characteristics to other EMS incidents. The number of floating stations was determined by the number of available ambulances at a given time. The optimum floating station location was identified by using the given capacity to establish the smallest service radius. In DFSM simulations using floating stations with a capacity of 100 and 150 EMS incidents, the result shows significant improvements in comparison to the current situation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number336
JournalISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2020

Keywords

  • Ambulance location allocation
  • EMS
  • GIS
  • Set covering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Computers in Earth Sciences
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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