Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder that is characterized by increasing levels of proinflammatory cytokines. The ubiquitous enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4, also known as CD26) regulates different immune disorders, although the effects of DPP4 in RA are uncertain. Here, we found lower levels of DPP4 in RA synovial tissues compared with normal tissues. DPP4 levels were also lower in a rat collagen-induced arthritis model than in control (healthy) rats. Overexpression of DPP4 or exogenous treatment of RA synovial fibroblasts with DPP4 reduced levels of proinflammatory interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-13, and increased anti-inflammatory IL-10 synthesis, while DPP4 inhibitors sitagliptin and vildagliptin increased proinflammatory cytokine production, indicating an enhanced risk of RA development. The evidence suggests that increasing DPP4 expression is a novel strategy for RA disease.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2021|
- rheumatoid arthritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology