Domiciliary positive expiratory pressure improves pulmonary function and exercise capacity pulmonary with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Chien-Ling Su, Ling Ling Chiang, Ting Yi Chiang, Chih Teng Yu, Han Pin Kuo, Horng Chyuan Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Purpose: This study assessed how positive expiratory pressure (PEP) affected pulmonary function, functional capacity, and subjective cough difficulty in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. Subjects were recruited from an outpatient department at a university hospital. Thirty-two patients with COPD were allocated to either PEP + FET (forced expiratory technique) group (n = 16) or FET only group (n = 16). Subjects in PEP + FET and FET groups were in a clinically stable condition before and during the study. Subjects in the PEP + FET group received PEP breathing using a mouth adjunct to FET, and the FET group was administered FET for 4 weeks only. Patients received weekly follow-up during the study period. Pulmonary function, 6-minute walk tests, and subjective cough difficulty scores were measured before and after the 4-week interventions. Results: Subjects in the PEP + FET group had a significantly increased diffusing capacity (DLCO) compared to preintervention (p <0.05) and after intervention in the FET group (p <0.05). DLCO significantly increased in the PEP + FET group from 18.0 ± 7.3 to 20.1 ± 7.2 mL/min/ mmHg. The 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) also increased significantly from 516.8 ± 94.1 to 570.6 ± 60.4 m in the PEP + FET group (p <0.001) after intervention, compared to that for the FET group (p <0.05). Additionally, the PEP + FET group had significantly lower cough difficulty scores compared to those at baseline and in the FET group. Conclusion: Four-week PEP therapy as an adjunct to FET further enhanced DLCO and 6MWD, and reduced cough difficulty compared to FET only in COPD patients with mucus hypersecretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-211
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi
Volume106
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2007

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Exercise
Pressure
Lung
Cough
Walking
Mucus
Mouth
Respiration
Outpatients

Keywords

  • 6-minute walk test
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Forced expiratory technique
  • Positive expiratory pressure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Domiciliary positive expiratory pressure improves pulmonary function and exercise capacity pulmonary with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. / Su, Chien-Ling; Chiang, Ling Ling; Chiang, Ting Yi; Yu, Chih Teng; Kuo, Han Pin; Lin, Horng Chyuan.

In: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association = Taiwan yi zhi, Vol. 106, No. 3, 03.2007, p. 204-211.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background/Purpose: This study assessed how positive expiratory pressure (PEP) affected pulmonary function, functional capacity, and subjective cough difficulty in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. Subjects were recruited from an outpatient department at a university hospital. Thirty-two patients with COPD were allocated to either PEP + FET (forced expiratory technique) group (n = 16) or FET only group (n = 16). Subjects in PEP + FET and FET groups were in a clinically stable condition before and during the study. Subjects in the PEP + FET group received PEP breathing using a mouth adjunct to FET, and the FET group was administered FET for 4 weeks only. Patients received weekly follow-up during the study period. Pulmonary function, 6-minute walk tests, and subjective cough difficulty scores were measured before and after the 4-week interventions. Results: Subjects in the PEP + FET group had a significantly increased diffusing capacity (DLCO) compared to preintervention (p <0.05) and after intervention in the FET group (p <0.05). DLCO significantly increased in the PEP + FET group from 18.0 ± 7.3 to 20.1 ± 7.2 mL/min/ mmHg. The 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) also increased significantly from 516.8 ± 94.1 to 570.6 ± 60.4 m in the PEP + FET group (p <0.001) after intervention, compared to that for the FET group (p <0.05). Additionally, the PEP + FET group had significantly lower cough difficulty scores compared to those at baseline and in the FET group. Conclusion: Four-week PEP therapy as an adjunct to FET further enhanced DLCO and 6MWD, and reduced cough difficulty compared to FET only in COPD patients with mucus hypersecretion.",
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AB - Background/Purpose: This study assessed how positive expiratory pressure (PEP) affected pulmonary function, functional capacity, and subjective cough difficulty in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD). Methods: This was a prospective, randomized, controlled study. Subjects were recruited from an outpatient department at a university hospital. Thirty-two patients with COPD were allocated to either PEP + FET (forced expiratory technique) group (n = 16) or FET only group (n = 16). Subjects in PEP + FET and FET groups were in a clinically stable condition before and during the study. Subjects in the PEP + FET group received PEP breathing using a mouth adjunct to FET, and the FET group was administered FET for 4 weeks only. Patients received weekly follow-up during the study period. Pulmonary function, 6-minute walk tests, and subjective cough difficulty scores were measured before and after the 4-week interventions. Results: Subjects in the PEP + FET group had a significantly increased diffusing capacity (DLCO) compared to preintervention (p <0.05) and after intervention in the FET group (p <0.05). DLCO significantly increased in the PEP + FET group from 18.0 ± 7.3 to 20.1 ± 7.2 mL/min/ mmHg. The 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) also increased significantly from 516.8 ± 94.1 to 570.6 ± 60.4 m in the PEP + FET group (p <0.001) after intervention, compared to that for the FET group (p <0.05). Additionally, the PEP + FET group had significantly lower cough difficulty scores compared to those at baseline and in the FET group. Conclusion: Four-week PEP therapy as an adjunct to FET further enhanced DLCO and 6MWD, and reduced cough difficulty compared to FET only in COPD patients with mucus hypersecretion.

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