It has been reported that, in patients with acute myocardial infarction or congestive heart failure, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) plays an important role in the development of inflammatory responses and that the level of MCP-1 is correlated with the severity of the disease. We conducted this study to investigate the effects of dobutamine and dopamine on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced MCP-1 production in human monocytic THP-1 cells. Monocytes were incubated in vitro with LPS for 16 h at 37°C in the presence or absence of dobutamine or dopamine. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to examine the effect of dobutamine on MCP-1 synthesis, with the MCP-1 messenger RNA expression examined by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Dobutamine inhibited LPS-induced production of MCP-1, as well as messenger RNA expression, in a dose-dependent manner, whereas dopamine had no significant effect. Furthermore, we demonstrated that dobutamine suppressed MCP-1-induced chemotaxis and peak [Ca2+]i in monocytic THP-1 cells. These findings suggest that dobutamine may modulate monocyte activation, such as chemotaxis and [Ca2+]i, as well as MCP-1 production, during therapy for congestive heart failure.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Anesthesia and Analgesia|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine