Do cortical midline variability and low frequency fluctuations mediate William James' "Stream of Consciousness"? "Neurophenomenal Balance Hypothesis" of "Inner Time Consciousness"

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Abstract

William James famously characterized consciousness by 'stream of consciousness' which describes the temporal continuity and flow of the contents of consciousness in our 'inner time consciousness'. More specifically he distinguished between "substantive parts", the contents of consciousness, and "transitive parts", the linkages between different contents. While much research has recently focused on the substantive parts, the neural mechanisms underlying the transitive parts and their characterization by the balance between 'sensible continuity' and 'continuous change' remain unclear. The aim of this paper is to develop so-called neuro-phenomenal hypothesis about specifically the transitive parts and their two phenomenal hallmark features, sensible continuity and continuous change in 'inner time consciousness'. Based on recent findings, I hypothesize that the cortical midline structures and their high degree of variability and strong low frequency fluctuations play an essential role in mediating the phenomenal balance between sensible continuity and continuous change. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-200
Number of pages17
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Volume30
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Consciousness
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Keywords

  • Cortical midline structures
  • Frequency fluctuations
  • Functional connectivity
  • Inner time Consciousness
  • Variability
  • William James
  • brain cortex
  • brain region
  • consciousness
  • electroencephalogram
  • human
  • intrinsic activity
  • resting state network
  • Review
  • sensibility
  • stimulus response
  • time
  • nerve cell network
  • physiology
  • psychological theory
  • Cerebral Cortex
  • Consciousness
  • Humans
  • Nerve Net
  • Psychological Theory

Cite this

@article{12ea9782e9074474b26b508cf887b872,
title = "Do cortical midline variability and low frequency fluctuations mediate William James' {"}Stream of Consciousness{"}? {"}Neurophenomenal Balance Hypothesis{"} of {"}Inner Time Consciousness{"}",
abstract = "William James famously characterized consciousness by 'stream of consciousness' which describes the temporal continuity and flow of the contents of consciousness in our 'inner time consciousness'. More specifically he distinguished between {"}substantive parts{"}, the contents of consciousness, and {"}transitive parts{"}, the linkages between different contents. While much research has recently focused on the substantive parts, the neural mechanisms underlying the transitive parts and their characterization by the balance between 'sensible continuity' and 'continuous change' remain unclear. The aim of this paper is to develop so-called neuro-phenomenal hypothesis about specifically the transitive parts and their two phenomenal hallmark features, sensible continuity and continuous change in 'inner time consciousness'. Based on recent findings, I hypothesize that the cortical midline structures and their high degree of variability and strong low frequency fluctuations play an essential role in mediating the phenomenal balance between sensible continuity and continuous change. {\circledC} 2014 Elsevier Inc.",
keywords = "Cortical midline structures, Frequency fluctuations, Functional connectivity, Inner time Consciousness, Variability, William James, brain cortex, brain region, consciousness, electroencephalogram, human, intrinsic activity, resting state network, Review, sensibility, stimulus response, time, nerve cell network, physiology, psychological theory, Cerebral Cortex, Consciousness, Humans, Nerve Net, Psychological Theory",
author = "Northoff, {Georg Franz Josef}",
note = "Cited By :2 Export Date: 11 May 2016 CODEN: COCOF Correspondence Address: Northoff, G.; Mind, Brain Imaging and Neuroethics, Canada Research Chair, EJLB-Michael Smith Chair for Neuroscience and Mental Health, Royal Ottawa Healthcare Group, University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research, 1145 Carling Avenue, Canada References: Abraham, A., Schubotz, R.I., von Cramon, D.Y., Thinking about the future versus the past in personal and non-personal contexts (2008) Brain Research, 1233, pp. 106-119; Addis, D.R., Moscovitch, M., McAndrews, M.P., Consequences of hippocampal damage across the autobiographical memory network in left temporal lobe epilepsy (2007) Brain, 130 (PT 9), pp. 2327-2342; Baars, B.J., Franklin, S., An architectural model of conscious and unconscious brain functions: Global Workspace Theory and IDA (2007) Neural Networks, 20 (9), pp. 955-961; Buckner, R.L., Carroll, D.C., Self-projection and the brain (2007) Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11 (2), pp. 49-57; Craig, A., How do you feel-Now? The anterior insula and human awareness (2009) Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10 (1); Craig, A.D., Emotional moments across time: A possible neural basis for time perception in the anterior insula (2009) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 364 (1525), pp. 1933-1942; Craig, A.D., Once an island, now the focus of attention (2010) Brain Structure and Function, 214 (5-6), pp. 395-396; Craig, A.D., The sentient self (2010) Brain Structure and Function, 214 (5-6), pp. 563-577; Craig, A.D., Why a soft touch can hurt (2010) Journal of Physiology, 588 (PT 1), p. 13; Dainton, B., (2008), Sensing change (Vol. Philosophical Issues 18). Wiley PeriodicalsDainton, B., (2010) Time and space, , McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal, Que; D'Argembeau, A., Feyers, D., Majerus, S., Collette, F., Van der Linden, M., Maquet, P., Self-reflection across time: Cortical midline structures differentiate between present and past selves (2008) Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 3 (3), pp. 244-252; D'Argembeau, A., Stawarczyk, D., Majerus, S., Collette, F., Van der Linden, M., Feyers, D., The neural basis of personal goal processing when envisioning future events (2010) Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22 (8), pp. 1701-1713; D'Argembeau, A., Stawarczyk, D., Majerus, S., Collette, F., Van der Linden, M., Salmon, E., Modulation of medial prefrontal and inferior parietal cortices when thinking about past, present, and future selves (2010) Social Neuroscience, 5 (2), pp. 187-200; D'Argembeau, A., Xue, G., Lu, Z.L., Van der Linden, M., Bechara, A., Neural correlates of envisioning emotional events in the near and far future (2008) Neuroimage, 40 (1), pp. 398-407; Dehaene, S., Changeux, J.P., Experimental and theoretical approaches to conscious processing (2011) Neuron, 70 (2), pp. 200-227; Fuchs, T., Temporality and psychopathology (2013) Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 12 (1), pp. 75-104; Fuster, J., (1997) The prefrontal cortex: Anatomy, physiology, and neuropsychology of the frontal lobe, 1997, , Raven, New York; Fuster, J.M., (2003) Cortex and mind: Unifying cognition, , Oxford University Press; Han, Y., Wang, J., Zhao, Z., Min, B., Lu, J., Li, K., Frequency-dependent changes in the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations in amnestic mild cognitive impairment: A resting-state fMRI study (2011) Neuroimage, 55 (1), pp. 287-295; Husserl, E., (1991), On the phenomenology of the consciousness of internal time (J.B. Brough, Trans.). The Hague: Nijhoff. (Original work published 1905)James, W., (1890) The principles of psychology, 1. , Holt, New York; James, W., (1890) The principles of psychology, 2. , Holt, New York; Kelly, S.D., The puzzle of temporal experience (2005) Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement, pp. 208-238; Lloyd, D., Functional MRI and the study of human consciousness (2002) Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14 (6), pp. 818-831; Lloyd, D., Neural correlates of temporality: Default mode variability and temporal awareness (2012) Consciousness and Cognition, 21 (2), pp. 695-703; Northoff, G., What the brain's intrinsic activity can tell us about consciousness? A tri-dimensional view (2013) Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 37 (4), pp. 726-738; Northoff, G., Gene, brains, and environment-genetic neuroimaging of depression (2013) Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 23 (1), pp. 133-142; Northoff, G., Resting state activity and the Stream of Consciousness in schizophrenia-Neurophenomenal hypotheses (2014), Schizophrenia Bulletin [Epub ahead of print]Northoff, G., (2014) Unlocking the brain: Consciousness, 2. , Oxford University Press, Oxford; {\O}stby, Y., Walhovd, K.B., Tamnes, C.K., Grydeland, H., Westlye, L.T., Fjell, A.M., Mental time travel and default-mode network functional connectivity in the developing brain (2012) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (42), pp. 16800-16804; Schacter, D.L., Addis, D.R., Buckner, R.L., Remembering the past to imagine the future: The prospective brain (2007) Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8 (9), pp. 657-661; Seth, A.K., Barrett, A.B., Barnett, L., Causal density and integrated information as measures of conscious level (2011) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369 (1952), pp. 3748-3767; Szpunar, K.K., Watson, J.M., McDermott, K.B., Neural substrates of envisioning the future (2007) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104 (2), pp. 642-647; Tononi, G., An information integration theory of consciousness (2004) BMC Neuroscience, 5, p. 42; Tononi, G., Koch, C., The neural correlates of consciousness: An update (2008) Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1124, pp. 239-261; Van Gulick, R., (2011), Consciousness. In Edward N. Zalta (Ed.), The stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Summer 2011 Edition)Varela, F.J., Cognition without representations (1999) Rivista di Biologia, 92 (3), pp. 511-512; Wittmann, M., The inner sense of time: How the brain creates a representation of duration (2013) Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 14 (3), pp. 217-223; Wittmann, M., Simmons, A.N., Aron, J.L., Paulus, M.P., Accumulation of neural activity in the posterior insula encodes the passage of time (2010) Neuropsychologia, 48 (10), pp. 3110-3120; Wittmann, M., Simmons, A.N., Flagan, T., Lane, S.D., Wackermann, J., Paulus, M.P., Neural substrates of time perception and impulsivity (2011) Brain Research, 1406, pp. 43-58; Wittmann, M., Virginie van Wassenhove, A., Paulus, M.P., The neural substrates of subjective time dilation (2010) Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4; Xue, S.W., Li, D., Weng, X.C., Northoff, G., Li, D.W., Different neural manifestations of two slow frequency bands in resting functional magnetic resonance imaging: A systemic survey at regional, interregional, and network levels (2014) Brain Connectivity; Zahavi, D., (2005) Self and Subjectivity, , MIT Press, Cambridge/Mass; Zang, Y.F., He, Y., Zhu, C.Z., Cao, Q.J., Sui, M.Q., Liang, M., Altered baseline brain activity in children with ADHD revealed by resting-state functional MRI (2007) Brain and Development, 29 (2), pp. 83-91; Zou, Q.-H., Zhu, C.-Z., Yang, Y., Zuo, X.-N., Long, X.-Y., Cao, Q.-J., An improved approach to detection of amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) for resting-state fMRI: Fractional ALFF (2008) Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 172 (1), pp. 137-141",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1016/j.concog.2014.09.004",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
pages = "184--200",
journal = "Consciousness and Cognition",
issn = "1053-8100",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do cortical midline variability and low frequency fluctuations mediate William James' "Stream of Consciousness"? "Neurophenomenal Balance Hypothesis" of "Inner Time Consciousness"

AU - Northoff, Georg Franz Josef

N1 - Cited By :2 Export Date: 11 May 2016 CODEN: COCOF Correspondence Address: Northoff, G.; Mind, Brain Imaging and Neuroethics, Canada Research Chair, EJLB-Michael Smith Chair for Neuroscience and Mental Health, Royal Ottawa Healthcare Group, University of Ottawa Institute of Mental Health Research, 1145 Carling Avenue, Canada References: Abraham, A., Schubotz, R.I., von Cramon, D.Y., Thinking about the future versus the past in personal and non-personal contexts (2008) Brain Research, 1233, pp. 106-119; Addis, D.R., Moscovitch, M., McAndrews, M.P., Consequences of hippocampal damage across the autobiographical memory network in left temporal lobe epilepsy (2007) Brain, 130 (PT 9), pp. 2327-2342; Baars, B.J., Franklin, S., An architectural model of conscious and unconscious brain functions: Global Workspace Theory and IDA (2007) Neural Networks, 20 (9), pp. 955-961; Buckner, R.L., Carroll, D.C., Self-projection and the brain (2007) Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 11 (2), pp. 49-57; Craig, A., How do you feel-Now? The anterior insula and human awareness (2009) Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 10 (1); Craig, A.D., Emotional moments across time: A possible neural basis for time perception in the anterior insula (2009) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B: Biological Sciences, 364 (1525), pp. 1933-1942; Craig, A.D., Once an island, now the focus of attention (2010) Brain Structure and Function, 214 (5-6), pp. 395-396; Craig, A.D., The sentient self (2010) Brain Structure and Function, 214 (5-6), pp. 563-577; Craig, A.D., Why a soft touch can hurt (2010) Journal of Physiology, 588 (PT 1), p. 13; Dainton, B., (2008), Sensing change (Vol. Philosophical Issues 18). Wiley PeriodicalsDainton, B., (2010) Time and space, , McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal, Que; D'Argembeau, A., Feyers, D., Majerus, S., Collette, F., Van der Linden, M., Maquet, P., Self-reflection across time: Cortical midline structures differentiate between present and past selves (2008) Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 3 (3), pp. 244-252; D'Argembeau, A., Stawarczyk, D., Majerus, S., Collette, F., Van der Linden, M., Feyers, D., The neural basis of personal goal processing when envisioning future events (2010) Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22 (8), pp. 1701-1713; D'Argembeau, A., Stawarczyk, D., Majerus, S., Collette, F., Van der Linden, M., Salmon, E., Modulation of medial prefrontal and inferior parietal cortices when thinking about past, present, and future selves (2010) Social Neuroscience, 5 (2), pp. 187-200; D'Argembeau, A., Xue, G., Lu, Z.L., Van der Linden, M., Bechara, A., Neural correlates of envisioning emotional events in the near and far future (2008) Neuroimage, 40 (1), pp. 398-407; Dehaene, S., Changeux, J.P., Experimental and theoretical approaches to conscious processing (2011) Neuron, 70 (2), pp. 200-227; Fuchs, T., Temporality and psychopathology (2013) Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences, 12 (1), pp. 75-104; Fuster, J., (1997) The prefrontal cortex: Anatomy, physiology, and neuropsychology of the frontal lobe, 1997, , Raven, New York; Fuster, J.M., (2003) Cortex and mind: Unifying cognition, , Oxford University Press; Han, Y., Wang, J., Zhao, Z., Min, B., Lu, J., Li, K., Frequency-dependent changes in the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations in amnestic mild cognitive impairment: A resting-state fMRI study (2011) Neuroimage, 55 (1), pp. 287-295; Husserl, E., (1991), On the phenomenology of the consciousness of internal time (J.B. Brough, Trans.). The Hague: Nijhoff. (Original work published 1905)James, W., (1890) The principles of psychology, 1. , Holt, New York; James, W., (1890) The principles of psychology, 2. , Holt, New York; Kelly, S.D., The puzzle of temporal experience (2005) Cognition and the Brain: The Philosophy and Neuroscience Movement, pp. 208-238; Lloyd, D., Functional MRI and the study of human consciousness (2002) Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14 (6), pp. 818-831; Lloyd, D., Neural correlates of temporality: Default mode variability and temporal awareness (2012) Consciousness and Cognition, 21 (2), pp. 695-703; Northoff, G., What the brain's intrinsic activity can tell us about consciousness? A tri-dimensional view (2013) Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 37 (4), pp. 726-738; Northoff, G., Gene, brains, and environment-genetic neuroimaging of depression (2013) Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 23 (1), pp. 133-142; Northoff, G., Resting state activity and the Stream of Consciousness in schizophrenia-Neurophenomenal hypotheses (2014), Schizophrenia Bulletin [Epub ahead of print]Northoff, G., (2014) Unlocking the brain: Consciousness, 2. , Oxford University Press, Oxford; Østby, Y., Walhovd, K.B., Tamnes, C.K., Grydeland, H., Westlye, L.T., Fjell, A.M., Mental time travel and default-mode network functional connectivity in the developing brain (2012) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 109 (42), pp. 16800-16804; Schacter, D.L., Addis, D.R., Buckner, R.L., Remembering the past to imagine the future: The prospective brain (2007) Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 8 (9), pp. 657-661; Seth, A.K., Barrett, A.B., Barnett, L., Causal density and integrated information as measures of conscious level (2011) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 369 (1952), pp. 3748-3767; Szpunar, K.K., Watson, J.M., McDermott, K.B., Neural substrates of envisioning the future (2007) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104 (2), pp. 642-647; Tononi, G., An information integration theory of consciousness (2004) BMC Neuroscience, 5, p. 42; Tononi, G., Koch, C., The neural correlates of consciousness: An update (2008) Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1124, pp. 239-261; Van Gulick, R., (2011), Consciousness. In Edward N. Zalta (Ed.), The stanford encyclopedia of philosophy (Summer 2011 Edition)Varela, F.J., Cognition without representations (1999) Rivista di Biologia, 92 (3), pp. 511-512; Wittmann, M., The inner sense of time: How the brain creates a representation of duration (2013) Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 14 (3), pp. 217-223; Wittmann, M., Simmons, A.N., Aron, J.L., Paulus, M.P., Accumulation of neural activity in the posterior insula encodes the passage of time (2010) Neuropsychologia, 48 (10), pp. 3110-3120; Wittmann, M., Simmons, A.N., Flagan, T., Lane, S.D., Wackermann, J., Paulus, M.P., Neural substrates of time perception and impulsivity (2011) Brain Research, 1406, pp. 43-58; Wittmann, M., Virginie van Wassenhove, A., Paulus, M.P., The neural substrates of subjective time dilation (2010) Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4; Xue, S.W., Li, D., Weng, X.C., Northoff, G., Li, D.W., Different neural manifestations of two slow frequency bands in resting functional magnetic resonance imaging: A systemic survey at regional, interregional, and network levels (2014) Brain Connectivity; Zahavi, D., (2005) Self and Subjectivity, , MIT Press, Cambridge/Mass; Zang, Y.F., He, Y., Zhu, C.Z., Cao, Q.J., Sui, M.Q., Liang, M., Altered baseline brain activity in children with ADHD revealed by resting-state functional MRI (2007) Brain and Development, 29 (2), pp. 83-91; Zou, Q.-H., Zhu, C.-Z., Yang, Y., Zuo, X.-N., Long, X.-Y., Cao, Q.-J., An improved approach to detection of amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) for resting-state fMRI: Fractional ALFF (2008) Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 172 (1), pp. 137-141

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - William James famously characterized consciousness by 'stream of consciousness' which describes the temporal continuity and flow of the contents of consciousness in our 'inner time consciousness'. More specifically he distinguished between "substantive parts", the contents of consciousness, and "transitive parts", the linkages between different contents. While much research has recently focused on the substantive parts, the neural mechanisms underlying the transitive parts and their characterization by the balance between 'sensible continuity' and 'continuous change' remain unclear. The aim of this paper is to develop so-called neuro-phenomenal hypothesis about specifically the transitive parts and their two phenomenal hallmark features, sensible continuity and continuous change in 'inner time consciousness'. Based on recent findings, I hypothesize that the cortical midline structures and their high degree of variability and strong low frequency fluctuations play an essential role in mediating the phenomenal balance between sensible continuity and continuous change. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

AB - William James famously characterized consciousness by 'stream of consciousness' which describes the temporal continuity and flow of the contents of consciousness in our 'inner time consciousness'. More specifically he distinguished between "substantive parts", the contents of consciousness, and "transitive parts", the linkages between different contents. While much research has recently focused on the substantive parts, the neural mechanisms underlying the transitive parts and their characterization by the balance between 'sensible continuity' and 'continuous change' remain unclear. The aim of this paper is to develop so-called neuro-phenomenal hypothesis about specifically the transitive parts and their two phenomenal hallmark features, sensible continuity and continuous change in 'inner time consciousness'. Based on recent findings, I hypothesize that the cortical midline structures and their high degree of variability and strong low frequency fluctuations play an essential role in mediating the phenomenal balance between sensible continuity and continuous change. © 2014 Elsevier Inc.

KW - Cortical midline structures

KW - Frequency fluctuations

KW - Functional connectivity

KW - Inner time Consciousness

KW - Variability

KW - William James

KW - brain cortex

KW - brain region

KW - consciousness

KW - electroencephalogram

KW - human

KW - intrinsic activity

KW - resting state network

KW - Review

KW - sensibility

KW - stimulus response

KW - time

KW - nerve cell network

KW - physiology

KW - psychological theory

KW - Cerebral Cortex

KW - Consciousness

KW - Humans

KW - Nerve Net

KW - Psychological Theory

U2 - 10.1016/j.concog.2014.09.004

DO - 10.1016/j.concog.2014.09.004

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 184

EP - 200

JO - Consciousness and Cognition

JF - Consciousness and Cognition

SN - 1053-8100

ER -