Discovery of genes from feces correlated with colorectal cancer progression

Chia Long Lee, Chi Jung Huang, Shung Haur Yang, Chun Chao Chang, Chi Cheng Huang, Chih Cheng Chien, Ruey Neng Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered to develop slowly via a progressive accumulation of genetic mutations. Markers of CRC may serve to provide the basis for decision-making, and may assist in cancer prevention, detection and prognostic prediction. DNA and messenger (m)RNA molecules that are present in human feces faithfully represent CRC manifestations. In the present study, exogenous mouse cells verified the feasibility of total fecal RNA as a marker of CRC. Furthermore, five significant genes encoding solute carrier family 15, member 4 (SLC15A4), cluster of differentiation (CD)44, 3-oxoacid CoA-transferase 1 (OXCT1), placenta-specific 8 (PLAC8) and growth arrest-specific 2 (GAS2), which are differentially expressed in the feces of CRC patients, were verified in different CRC cell lines using quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The present study demonstrated that the mRNA level of SLC15A4 was increased in the majority of CRC cell lines evaluated (SW1116, LS123, Caco-2 and T84). An increased level of CD44 mRNA was only detected in an early-stage CRC cell line, SW1116, whereas OXCT1 was expressed at higher levels in the metastatic CRC cell line CC-M3. In addition, two genes, PLAC8 and GAS2, were highly expressed in the recurrent CRC cell line SW620. Genes identified in the feces of CRC patients differed according to their clinical characteristics, and this differential expression was also detected in the corresponding CRC cell lines. In conclusion, feces represent a good marker of CRC and can be interpreted through the appropriate CRC cell lines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3378-3384
Number of pages7
JournalOncology Letters
Volume12
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016

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Keywords

  • 3-oxoacid coA-transferase 1
  • Cluster of differentiation 44
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Fecal RNA
  • Growth arrest-specific 2
  • Member 4
  • Placenta-specific 8
  • Serine/threonine kinase 17b
  • Solute carrier family 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Lee, C. L., Huang, C. J., Yang, S. H., Chang, C. C., Huang, C. C., Chien, C. C., & Yang, R. N. (2016). Discovery of genes from feces correlated with colorectal cancer progression. Oncology Letters, 12(5), 3378-3384. https://doi.org/10.3892/ol.2016.5069