Differentiation effects of platelet-rich plasma concentrations on synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells from pigs cultivated in alginate complex hydrogel

Hao Che Tang, Wei Chuan Chen, Chih Wei Chiang, Lei Yen Chen, Yu Ching Chang, Chih Hwa Chen

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article studied the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) on the potential of synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells (SF-MSCs) to differentiate. The PRP and SF-MSCs were obtained from the blood and knees of pigs, respectively. The identification of SF-MSCs and their ability to differentiate were studied by histological and surface epitopes, respectively. The SF-MSCs can undergo trilineage mesenchymal differentiation under osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipocyte induction. The effects of various PRP concentrations (0%, 20% and 50% PRP) on differentiation were evaluated using the SF-MSCs-alginate system, such as gene expression and DNA proliferation. A 50% PRP concentration yielded better differentiation than the 20% PRP concentration. PRP favored the chondrogenesis of SF-MSCs over their osteogenesis in a manner that depended on the ratios of type II collagen/type I collagen and aggrecan/osteopontin. Eventually, PRP promoted the proliferation of SF-MSCs and induced chondrogenic differentiation of SF-MSCs in vitro. Both PRP and SF-MSCs could be feasibly used in regenerative medicine and orthopedic surgeries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18507-18521
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume16
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 7 2015

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Keywords

  • Alginate hydrogel
  • Chondrogenesis
  • DNA proliferation
  • Gene expressions
  • Pigs
  • Platelet-rich plasma
  • Synovial fluid mesenchymal stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Catalysis
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications

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