Different effect of hypercholesterolemia on mortality in hemodialysis patients based on coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction

Yen-Chung Lin, Yi Chun Lin, Hsi-Hsien Chen, Tzen-Wen Chen, Chih Cheng Hsu, Chiung-Chi Peng, Mai-Szu Wu

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Abstract

Background: Studies on the association of total cholesterol (TC) levels and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients demonstrated conflicting results. The differenct effect of Hypercholesterolemia on HD patients based on the presence of myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Methods: We analyzed data from the Taiwan Renal Registry Data System (TWRDS) between 2005 and 2012. Patients were divided into MI/CAD or non-MI/CAD group. The primary outcome was three-year mortality. The association between primary outcome and first year average TC and effect of change in cholesterol level between the first and third year of dialysis were explored. Results: Of 90,795 HD patients, 77,762 (85.6%) patients were assigned to non-MI/CAD group and 13,033 (14.4%) to the MI/CAD group. In the non-MI/CAD subjects, both TC > 250 mg/dL and < 150 mg/dL were associated with increased risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.27; 1.17-1.37 and 1.14; 1.11-1.18) compared to the reference (TC: 150-200 mg/dL). In the MI/CAD patients, only TC < 150 mg/dL had increased risk (HR; 95% CI: 1.15; 1.08-1.24). In addition, patients of the non-MI/CAD group with highest level of TC (>250 mg/dL) in both first and third year of dialysis had a 64% increased risk for mortality (HR: 1.64, 95% CI: 1.51-1.80). Conclusion: In this nationwide hemodialysis cohort, hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased mortality in HD patients without MI/CAD. Further investigation on primary prevention of CAD with statin is warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number211
JournalLipids in Health and Disease
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 8 2016

Fingerprint

Hypercholesterolemia
Renal Dialysis
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Infarction
Mortality
Cholesterol
Infarction
Dialysis
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Primary Prevention
Taiwan
Information Systems
Registries
Kidney

Keywords

  • Coronary artery disease
  • Hemodialysis
  • Mortality
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Total cholesterol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Cite this

@article{34abdc5866bd42bd902821ee4a4a568c,
title = "Different effect of hypercholesterolemia on mortality in hemodialysis patients based on coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction",
abstract = "Background: Studies on the association of total cholesterol (TC) levels and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients demonstrated conflicting results. The differenct effect of Hypercholesterolemia on HD patients based on the presence of myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Methods: We analyzed data from the Taiwan Renal Registry Data System (TWRDS) between 2005 and 2012. Patients were divided into MI/CAD or non-MI/CAD group. The primary outcome was three-year mortality. The association between primary outcome and first year average TC and effect of change in cholesterol level between the first and third year of dialysis were explored. Results: Of 90,795 HD patients, 77,762 (85.6{\%}) patients were assigned to non-MI/CAD group and 13,033 (14.4{\%}) to the MI/CAD group. In the non-MI/CAD subjects, both TC > 250 mg/dL and < 150 mg/dL were associated with increased risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]; 95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 1.27; 1.17-1.37 and 1.14; 1.11-1.18) compared to the reference (TC: 150-200 mg/dL). In the MI/CAD patients, only TC < 150 mg/dL had increased risk (HR; 95{\%} CI: 1.15; 1.08-1.24). In addition, patients of the non-MI/CAD group with highest level of TC (>250 mg/dL) in both first and third year of dialysis had a 64{\%} increased risk for mortality (HR: 1.64, 95{\%} CI: 1.51-1.80). Conclusion: In this nationwide hemodialysis cohort, hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased mortality in HD patients without MI/CAD. Further investigation on primary prevention of CAD with statin is warranted.",
keywords = "Coronary artery disease, Hemodialysis, Mortality, Myocardial infarction, Total cholesterol",
author = "Yen-Chung Lin and Lin, {Yi Chun} and Hsi-Hsien Chen and Tzen-Wen Chen and Hsu, {Chih Cheng} and Chiung-Chi Peng and Mai-Szu Wu",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "8",
doi = "10.1186/s12944-016-0380-7",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "Lipids in Health and Disease",
issn = "1476-511X",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Different effect of hypercholesterolemia on mortality in hemodialysis patients based on coronary artery disease or myocardial infarction

AU - Lin, Yen-Chung

AU - Lin, Yi Chun

AU - Chen, Hsi-Hsien

AU - Chen, Tzen-Wen

AU - Hsu, Chih Cheng

AU - Peng, Chiung-Chi

AU - Wu, Mai-Szu

PY - 2016/12/8

Y1 - 2016/12/8

N2 - Background: Studies on the association of total cholesterol (TC) levels and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients demonstrated conflicting results. The differenct effect of Hypercholesterolemia on HD patients based on the presence of myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Methods: We analyzed data from the Taiwan Renal Registry Data System (TWRDS) between 2005 and 2012. Patients were divided into MI/CAD or non-MI/CAD group. The primary outcome was three-year mortality. The association between primary outcome and first year average TC and effect of change in cholesterol level between the first and third year of dialysis were explored. Results: Of 90,795 HD patients, 77,762 (85.6%) patients were assigned to non-MI/CAD group and 13,033 (14.4%) to the MI/CAD group. In the non-MI/CAD subjects, both TC > 250 mg/dL and < 150 mg/dL were associated with increased risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.27; 1.17-1.37 and 1.14; 1.11-1.18) compared to the reference (TC: 150-200 mg/dL). In the MI/CAD patients, only TC < 150 mg/dL had increased risk (HR; 95% CI: 1.15; 1.08-1.24). In addition, patients of the non-MI/CAD group with highest level of TC (>250 mg/dL) in both first and third year of dialysis had a 64% increased risk for mortality (HR: 1.64, 95% CI: 1.51-1.80). Conclusion: In this nationwide hemodialysis cohort, hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased mortality in HD patients without MI/CAD. Further investigation on primary prevention of CAD with statin is warranted.

AB - Background: Studies on the association of total cholesterol (TC) levels and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients demonstrated conflicting results. The differenct effect of Hypercholesterolemia on HD patients based on the presence of myocardial infarction (MI) or coronary artery disease (CAD) is unknown. Methods: We analyzed data from the Taiwan Renal Registry Data System (TWRDS) between 2005 and 2012. Patients were divided into MI/CAD or non-MI/CAD group. The primary outcome was three-year mortality. The association between primary outcome and first year average TC and effect of change in cholesterol level between the first and third year of dialysis were explored. Results: Of 90,795 HD patients, 77,762 (85.6%) patients were assigned to non-MI/CAD group and 13,033 (14.4%) to the MI/CAD group. In the non-MI/CAD subjects, both TC > 250 mg/dL and < 150 mg/dL were associated with increased risk of mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR]; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.27; 1.17-1.37 and 1.14; 1.11-1.18) compared to the reference (TC: 150-200 mg/dL). In the MI/CAD patients, only TC < 150 mg/dL had increased risk (HR; 95% CI: 1.15; 1.08-1.24). In addition, patients of the non-MI/CAD group with highest level of TC (>250 mg/dL) in both first and third year of dialysis had a 64% increased risk for mortality (HR: 1.64, 95% CI: 1.51-1.80). Conclusion: In this nationwide hemodialysis cohort, hypercholesterolemia was associated with increased mortality in HD patients without MI/CAD. Further investigation on primary prevention of CAD with statin is warranted.

KW - Coronary artery disease

KW - Hemodialysis

KW - Mortality

KW - Myocardial infarction

KW - Total cholesterol

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U2 - 10.1186/s12944-016-0380-7

DO - 10.1186/s12944-016-0380-7

M3 - Article

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JF - Lipids in Health and Disease

SN - 1476-511X

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ER -