Difference in the surgical outcome of unilateral cleft lip and palate patients with and without pre-alveolar bone graft orthodontic treatment

Chun Shin Chang, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Yen Chang Hsiao, Yu Ting Chiu, Betty Chien Jung Pai, I. Ju Chen, Yu Fang Liao, Eric Jen Wein Liou, Philip Kuo Ting Chen, Jyh Ping Chen, M. Samuel Noordhoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Presurgical orthodontic treatment before secondary alveolar bone grafting (SABG) is widely performed for cleft lip/palate patients. However, no randomized controlled trial has been published comparing SABG outcomes in patients with, and without, presurgical orthodontic treatment. This randomized, prospective, single-blinded trial was conducted between January 2012 and April 2015 to compare ABG volumes 6 months postoperatively between patients with and without presurgical orthodontic treatment. Twenty-four patients were enrolled and randomized and 22 patients completed follow-up. Patients who had presurgical orthodontics before SABG had significantly improved inclination (p < 0.001) and rotation (p < 0.001) of the central incisor adjacent to the defect, significantly improved ABG fill volume (0.81 ± 0.26 cm3at 6 months compared to 0.59 ± 0.22 cm3; p < 0.05) and less residual alveolar bone defect (0.31 ± 0.08 cm3at 6 months compared to s 0.55 ± 0.14 cm3; p < 0.001) compared to patients who did not have presurgical orthodontic treatment. In conclusion, orthodontic treatment combined with SABG results in superior bone volume when compared with conventional SABG alone.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23597
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 4 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Difference in the surgical outcome of unilateral cleft lip and palate patients with and without pre-alveolar bone graft orthodontic treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Chang, C. S., Wallace, C. G., Hsiao, Y. C., Chiu, Y. T., Pai, B. C. J., Chen, I. J., Liao, Y. F., Liou, E. J. W., Chen, P. K. T., Chen, J. P., & Noordhoff, M. S. (2016). Difference in the surgical outcome of unilateral cleft lip and palate patients with and without pre-alveolar bone graft orthodontic treatment. Scientific Reports, 6, [23597]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep23597