Dietary rational targeting of redox-regulated genes

Joyce Bagyi, Veda Sripada, Andrea M. Aidone, H. Y. Lin, Elizabeth H. Ruder, Dana R. Crawford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nutrigenomics is the study of how food and associated nutrients affect gene expression. This field sits at the intersection of diet, the genome and health with the ultimate goal of exploiting its understanding to design a precision nutrition strategy for humans. We have studied diet and nutrigenomics in the context of something we call “dietary rational gene targeting.” Here, healthy diet is used to alter disease-causing gene expression back toward the normal to treat various diseases and conditions while lowering treatment cost and toxicity. In this paper, we discuss the use of this strategy to modulate the expression of redox-associated genes to improve human health. Most human disorders are associated, at least to some extent, with oxidative stress and so treatments (including diet) that target redox-related genes have major potential clinical significance. Healthy dietary options here are wide-ranging and include whole foods and botanical-based beverages. In some cases, botanical supplements may also be useful gene modulators although their health benefits are less clear. Key redox gene targets for these dietary agents include antioxidant genes, related transcription factors, detoxification genes, and DNA repair genes. Other important considerations include bioavailability, the contribution of the microbiome, and advancing technologies. In this review, specific examples of redox associated genes and pathologies and their potential treatment with healthy diet are presented to illustrate our approach. This will also serve as a foundation for the design of future clinical studies to improve diet-related health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-28
Number of pages10
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume173
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021

Keywords

  • Diet
  • Fruits and vegetables
  • Gene expression
  • Health
  • Human
  • Nutrigenomics
  • Oxidative stress
  • Precision nutrition
  • Redox

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology (medical)

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