Dietary patterns in relation to components of dyslipidemia and fasting plasma glucose in adults with dyslipidemia and elevated fasting plasma glucose in Taiwan

Li Yin Lin, Chien Yeh Hsu, Hsiu An Lee, Wan Hsiang Wang, Adi Lukas Kurniawan, Jane C.J. Chao

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Dietary patterns have been proposed to be related to dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia. This study investigated the correlation of dietary patterns with components of dyslipidemia and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) among young and middle-aged adults (aged between 20 and 50 years) with dyslipidemia and abnormal FPG in Taiwan. This cross-sectional study used the database compiled in Taiwan between 2001 to 2010. A total of 13,609 subjects aged between 20 and 50 years were selected. Dyslipidemia was defined primarily according to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines with minor modification. Elevated FPG level was defined according to the American Diabetes Association. The factor analysis was conducted to identify three dietary patterns. Higher scores of the meat–convenience dietary pattern (high intake of deep-fried and processed food, sauces, sugar-added beverages, meat and organ meats, instant noodles, rice or flour cooked in oil, and eggs) had no association with components of dyslipidemia and abnormal FPG. Higher scores of the vegetables–fruits–seafood dietary pattern (high intake of vegetables, vegetables with oil or dressing, fruits, seafood, legumes, soy products, and rice or flour products) was inversely associated with hypercholesterolemia and positively associated with hyperglycemia. Higher scores of the dairy-complex carbohydrate dietary pattern (high intake of dairy products, milk, root crops, jam or honey, and whole grains) was inversely correlated with hypertriglycemia and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level. Our results support that the dietary pattern may have a role in the prevention and management of dyslipidemia and abnormal fasting plasma glucose.

Original languageEnglish
Article number845
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019



  • Abnormal fasting plasma glucose
  • Cross-sectional study
  • Dietary patterns
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Factor analysis
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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