Dietary exposure to chlorpyrifos inhibits the polarization of regulatory T cells in C57BL/6 mice with dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis

Hsiao Mei Huang, Man Hui Pai, Sung Ling Yeh, Yu Chen Hou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with loss of immune tolerance to antigens originating from the diet and from the gut microflora. T cells play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of IBD. Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the most ubiquitous organophosphate pesticides in the world. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of dietary exposure to CPF on T-cell populations in C57BL/6 mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Mice received distilled water containing 3% DSS for 6 days to induce acute colitis, which was then replaced with distilled water for 21 days, allowing progression to chronic inflammation. During the experimental period, mice were given either an AIN-93-based control diet or a CPF diet-containing 7, 17.5, or 35 ppm of CPF. Results showed that dietary exposure to CPF significantly increased circulating neutrophils in colitic mice. CPF-exposed groups had lower percentages of blood and spleen T cells without altering the proportions of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets. The percentage of blood regulatory T (Treg) cells, as well as splenic expressions of Treg-related genes, were suppressed in CPF-exposed mice. CPF upregulated the colonic gene expression of tumor necrosis factor-α. Meanwhile, plasma haptoglobin, colon weights, and luminal immunoglobulin G levels were higher in CPF-exposed groups. Histopathological analyses also observed that colon injury was more severe in all CPF-exposed mice. These results suggest that dietary exposure to CPF aggravated tissue injuries in mice with DSS-induced chronic colitis by suppressing T-cell populations and Treg polarization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalArchives of Toxicology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Chlorpyrifos
Dextran Sulfate
T-cells
Regulatory T-Lymphocytes
Colitis
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Polarization
Nutrition
T-Lymphocytes
Diet
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Colon
Blood
Immune Tolerance
Haptoglobins
Organophosphates
Water
Wounds and Injuries
T-Lymphocyte Subsets
Pesticides

Keywords

  • Chlorpyrifos
  • Colon injury
  • Dextran sulfate sodium
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Regulatory T cells
  • T Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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title = "Dietary exposure to chlorpyrifos inhibits the polarization of regulatory T cells in C57BL/6 mice with dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis",
abstract = "Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with loss of immune tolerance to antigens originating from the diet and from the gut microflora. T cells play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of IBD. Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the most ubiquitous organophosphate pesticides in the world. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of dietary exposure to CPF on T-cell populations in C57BL/6 mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Mice received distilled water containing 3{\%} DSS for 6 days to induce acute colitis, which was then replaced with distilled water for 21 days, allowing progression to chronic inflammation. During the experimental period, mice were given either an AIN-93-based control diet or a CPF diet-containing 7, 17.5, or 35 ppm of CPF. Results showed that dietary exposure to CPF significantly increased circulating neutrophils in colitic mice. CPF-exposed groups had lower percentages of blood and spleen T cells without altering the proportions of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets. The percentage of blood regulatory T (Treg) cells, as well as splenic expressions of Treg-related genes, were suppressed in CPF-exposed mice. CPF upregulated the colonic gene expression of tumor necrosis factor-α. Meanwhile, plasma haptoglobin, colon weights, and luminal immunoglobulin G levels were higher in CPF-exposed groups. Histopathological analyses also observed that colon injury was more severe in all CPF-exposed mice. These results suggest that dietary exposure to CPF aggravated tissue injuries in mice with DSS-induced chronic colitis by suppressing T-cell populations and Treg polarization.",
keywords = "Chlorpyrifos, Colon injury, Dextran sulfate sodium, Inflammatory bowel disease, Regulatory T cells, T Cells",
author = "Huang, {Hsiao Mei} and Pai, {Man Hui} and Yeh, {Sung Ling} and Hou, {Yu Chen}",
year = "2019",
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AU - Huang, Hsiao Mei

AU - Pai, Man Hui

AU - Yeh, Sung Ling

AU - Hou, Yu Chen

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with loss of immune tolerance to antigens originating from the diet and from the gut microflora. T cells play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of IBD. Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the most ubiquitous organophosphate pesticides in the world. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of dietary exposure to CPF on T-cell populations in C57BL/6 mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Mice received distilled water containing 3% DSS for 6 days to induce acute colitis, which was then replaced with distilled water for 21 days, allowing progression to chronic inflammation. During the experimental period, mice were given either an AIN-93-based control diet or a CPF diet-containing 7, 17.5, or 35 ppm of CPF. Results showed that dietary exposure to CPF significantly increased circulating neutrophils in colitic mice. CPF-exposed groups had lower percentages of blood and spleen T cells without altering the proportions of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets. The percentage of blood regulatory T (Treg) cells, as well as splenic expressions of Treg-related genes, were suppressed in CPF-exposed mice. CPF upregulated the colonic gene expression of tumor necrosis factor-α. Meanwhile, plasma haptoglobin, colon weights, and luminal immunoglobulin G levels were higher in CPF-exposed groups. Histopathological analyses also observed that colon injury was more severe in all CPF-exposed mice. These results suggest that dietary exposure to CPF aggravated tissue injuries in mice with DSS-induced chronic colitis by suppressing T-cell populations and Treg polarization.

AB - Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with loss of immune tolerance to antigens originating from the diet and from the gut microflora. T cells play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of IBD. Chlorpyrifos (CPF) is one of the most ubiquitous organophosphate pesticides in the world. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of dietary exposure to CPF on T-cell populations in C57BL/6 mice with dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis. Mice received distilled water containing 3% DSS for 6 days to induce acute colitis, which was then replaced with distilled water for 21 days, allowing progression to chronic inflammation. During the experimental period, mice were given either an AIN-93-based control diet or a CPF diet-containing 7, 17.5, or 35 ppm of CPF. Results showed that dietary exposure to CPF significantly increased circulating neutrophils in colitic mice. CPF-exposed groups had lower percentages of blood and spleen T cells without altering the proportions of CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell subsets. The percentage of blood regulatory T (Treg) cells, as well as splenic expressions of Treg-related genes, were suppressed in CPF-exposed mice. CPF upregulated the colonic gene expression of tumor necrosis factor-α. Meanwhile, plasma haptoglobin, colon weights, and luminal immunoglobulin G levels were higher in CPF-exposed groups. Histopathological analyses also observed that colon injury was more severe in all CPF-exposed mice. These results suggest that dietary exposure to CPF aggravated tissue injuries in mice with DSS-induced chronic colitis by suppressing T-cell populations and Treg polarization.

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