Background Left atrial (LA) echocardiographic parameters are increasingly used to predict clinically relevant cardiovascular events. The study aims to evaluate the LA expansion index (LAEI) for predicting diastolic heart failure (HF) in patients with severe left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction. Methods This prospective study enrolled 162 patients (65% male) with preserved LV systolic function and severe diastolic dysfunction (132 grade 2 patients, 30 grade 3 patients). All patients had sinus rhythm at enrollment. The LAEI was calculated as (Volmax - Volmin ) x 100% / Volmin , where Volmax was defined as maximal LA volume and Volmin was defined as minimal volume. The endpoint was hospitalization for HF withp reserved LV ejection fraction (HFpEF). Results The median follow-up duration was 2.9 years. Fifty-four patients had cardiovascular events, including 41 diastolic and 8 systolic HF hospitalizations. In these 54 patients, 13 in-hospital deaths and 5 sudden out-of-hospital deaths occurred. Multivariate analyses revealed that HFpEF was associated with LAEI.and atrial fibrillation during follow-up. For predicting HFpEF, the LAEI had a hazard ratio of 1.197per 10% decrease. In patients who had HFpEF events, the LAEI significantly (P< 0.0001) decreased from 69±18% to 39±11% during hospitalization. Although the LAEI improved during follow-up (53±13%), it did not return to baseline. Conclusions The LAEI predicts HFpEF in patients with severe diastolic dysfunction; it worsens during HFpEF events and partially recovers during followup.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)