Diagnostic test accuracy of pretreatment collateral score in predicting stroke outcomes after intra-arterial endovascular thrombectomy: a meta-analysis in DSA and CTA

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Abstract

Objectives: This study compared the diagnostic accuracy of pretreatment circulation collateral scoring (CS) system using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) in predicting favorable functional outcome (FFO) after intra-arterial endovascular thrombectomy (IA-EVT). Subgroup analysis characterizing scoring systems within each category was additionally conducted. Materials and methods: We performed a diagnostic meta-analysis to assess the sensitivity and specificity of each CS system by using DSA and CTA, respectively. The hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic curve (HSROC) models were used to estimate the diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and area under the curve (AUC). The Bayes theorem was employed to determine posttest probability (PTP). Results: In total, 14 and 21 studies were assessed with DSA and CTA, respectively. In DSA, the pooled sensitivity and specificity were 0.72 (95% CI, 0.63–0.79) and 0.61 (0.53–0.68), respectively, and in the HSROC model, the DOR was 3.94 (2.71–5.73), and the AUC was 0.71 (90.67–0.75). CTA revealed a pooled sensitivity and specificity of 0.74 (0.64–0.82) and 0.53 (0.44–0.62), respectively, and in the HSROC model, the DOR was 3.17 (2.34–4.50), and the AUC was 0.67 (0.63–0.71). With a pretest probability of 26.3%, the CS in DSA and CTA exhibited limited increase of PTPs of 39% and 36%, respectively, in detecting the FFO on day 90. Conclusion: DSA and CTA have comparable accuracy and are limited in predicting the functional outcome. The collateral score systems assessed with DSA and CTA were more suitable for screening than diagnosis for patients before IA-EVT. Key Points: • Our study revealed the differences of various scoring systems for assessing collateral status. • DSA and CTA have comparable accuracy, but both imaging modalities played relatively limited roles in predicting functional outcome on day 90. • The collateral score systems assessed with DSA and CTA were more suitable for screening than diagnosis for patients before IA-EVT.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Radiology
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • Acute ischemic stroke
  • Collateral circulation
  • Computed tomography angiography
  • Digital subtraction angiography
  • Thrombectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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