Development of land-use regression models to estimate particle mass and number concentrations in Taichung, Taiwan

Ta Yuan Chang, Ching Chih Tsai, Chang Fu Wu, Li Te Chang, Kai Jen Chuang, Hsiao Chi Chuang, Li Hao Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Land-use regression (LUR) models have been used to estimate particle mass concentration (PMC), but few studies apply it to predict particle number concentration (PNC) at different sizes. This study aimed to determine both PMC and PNC throughout one year to establish predictive models in Taichung, Taiwan. The annual averages of PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 were 71 ± 46 μg/m3, 44 ± 35 μg/m3, and 32 ± 28 μg/m3, respectively. The PNC at size ranges of <0.5 μm, 0.5–1 μm, 1–2.5 μm, 2.5–10 μm, and ≥10 μm were 715098 ± 664879 counts/L, 29053 ± 30615 counts/L, 1009 ± 659 counts/L, 647 ± 347 counts/L, and 3 ± 3 counts/L, respectively. The model-explained variance (R2) values of PM10, PM2.5, and PM1 were 0.42, 0.53, and 0.51, respectively. The magnitude of the R2 values ranged from 0.31 to 0.50 for the PNC with the highest R2 between 0.5 and 1 μm. The differences between the model R2 and the leave-one-out cross-validation R2 ranged from 4% to 8% for PMC and from 3% to 10% for PNC. This study developed LUR models with moderate performance to estimate PMC and PNC at different sizes in an Asian metropolis. The built LUR models may be improved by combining with other open data to increase the predictive capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118303
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2021


  • Land use regression
  • Particle mass concentration
  • Particle number concentration
  • Particulate matter
  • Validity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science


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