Development of efficient on-bead protein elution process coupled to ultra-high performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry to determine immunoglobulin G subclass and glycosylation for discovery of bio-signatures in pancreatic disease

Jing Ya Shiao, Yu Ting Chang, Ming Chu Chang, Michael X. Chen, Li Wei Liu, Xiang Yu Wang, Yun Jung Tsai, Tai Chih Kuo, I. Lin Tsai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is a kind of IgG4-related disease in which higher IgG4 and total IgG levels have been found in patient serum. Due to the similar imaging features and laboratory parameters between AIP and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), a differential diagnosis is still challenging. Since IgG profiles can be potential bio-signatures for disease, we developed and validated a method which coupled on-bead enzymatic protein elution process to an efficient UHPLC–MS/MS method to determine IgG subclass and glycosylation. A stable-isotope labeled IgG was incorporated as internal standard to achieve accurate quantification. For calibration curves, the correlation coefficients for total IgG and the four IgG subclasses were higher than 0.995. Intraday (n = 5) and interday (n = 3) precisions of the peak area ratios of LLOQ, low, medium, and high QC samples were all less than 6.6% relative standard deviation (% RSD), and the accuracies were between 93.5 and 114.9%. Calibration curves, precision, and accuracy were also evaluated for 26 IgG glycopeptides. The method was applied to samples from healthy controls and patients with AIP and PDAC. Distinct IgG patterns were discovered among the groups, and 7 glycopeptides showed high potential in differentiating AIP and PDAC. The results demonstrated that the developed method is suitable for multi-feature analysis of human IgG, and the discovered IgG profiles can be used as bio-signatures for AIP and PDAC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number461039
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

Keywords

  • Autoimmune pancreatitis
  • Fc N-glycan
  • Igg
  • LC–MS/MS
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

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