Determination of (+)-catechin in plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography using fluorescence detection

Yih Ho, Yueh Lin Lee, Kuang Yang Hsu

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Abstract

A high-performance liquid chromatographic method, using fluorescence detection, was developed for the determination of (+)-catechin in rabbit plasma. The procedure involved the precipitation of plasma protein using acetonitrile, followed by solid-phase adsorption onto alumina. After washing with water and methanol, the residue was vortex-mixed with perchloric acid solution to release the adsorbed (+)-catechin. Separation was performed on a reversed-phase column using an eluent consisting of phosphoric acid solution with 12% acetonitrile. The excitation and emission wavelengths were set at 280 and 310 nm, respectively. The retention times for (+)-catechin and the internal standard (deoxyhigenamine) were 6.87 and 8.47 min respectively, without any interference. Validations of accuracy and precision were satisfactory in both within- and between-run assays. All coefficients of variance were less than 6% and mean relative errors were within ± 3.75%. The average recovery was 73.77%. The limit of detection and quantitation were 1 ng and 0.02 μg/ml, respectively. Application of this method was successfully assessed by intravenous administration of a 15 mg/kg dose of (+)-catechin in rabbits. This new method provides a simple, specific and sensitive determination for (+)-catechin in rabbit plasma and is suitable for pharmacokinetic studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-389
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Biomedical Sciences and Applications
Volume665
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 24 1995

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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