Detection of Mutations and Large Rearrangements of the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor Gene in Taiwanese Patients With Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Kuan R. Chiou, Min J. Charng

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is commonly caused by mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), apolipoprotein B, and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 genes. The study aim was to investigate patients with FH in Taiwan, using molecular diagnostic methods, and compare the abnormalities in the small mutation and large DNA rearrangement subgroups. In total, 102 unrelated probands with FH were tested for mutations by exon-by-exon sequence analysis (EBESA) and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). EBESA identified gene apolipoprotein B R3500W in 8 probands and 25 mis-sense, 5 nonsense, and 6 frameshift LDLR mutations in 52 probands; 11 were novel mutations. Of the 42 probands with mutations undetected by EBESA, 8 had abnormal MLPA patterns, including 2 with exon 6 to 18 deletions, 2 with exon 9 deletion, 1 with exon 6 to 8 deletions, 1 with exon 11 deletion, 1 with exon 3 to 5 duplications, and 1 with exon 7 to 12 duplications. Pedigree analysis showed mutation cosegregation with hypercholesterolemia in affected family members. Mean lipid profiles and rate of failure to lower LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl in response to rosuvastatin/ezetimibe treatment were similar in groups with abnormal MLPA patterns and groups carrying nonsense or frameshift mutations. In conclusion, frequency of large LDLR rearrangement was approximately 8% in Taiwanese patients with FH. The response to statin drugs differed between probands with abnormal MLPA patterns and probands carrying mis-sense or undetected mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1752-1758
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume105
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 15 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II
LDL Receptors
Exons
Mutation
Genes
Ligation
Sequence Analysis
Apolipoproteins B
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Frameshift Mutation
Molecular Pathology
Gene Rearrangement
Nonsense Codon
Pedigree
Hypercholesterolemia
Taiwan
LDL Cholesterol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

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title = "Detection of Mutations and Large Rearrangements of the Low-Density Lipoprotein Receptor Gene in Taiwanese Patients With Familial Hypercholesterolemia",
abstract = "Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is commonly caused by mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), apolipoprotein B, and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 genes. The study aim was to investigate patients with FH in Taiwan, using molecular diagnostic methods, and compare the abnormalities in the small mutation and large DNA rearrangement subgroups. In total, 102 unrelated probands with FH were tested for mutations by exon-by-exon sequence analysis (EBESA) and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). EBESA identified gene apolipoprotein B R3500W in 8 probands and 25 mis-sense, 5 nonsense, and 6 frameshift LDLR mutations in 52 probands; 11 were novel mutations. Of the 42 probands with mutations undetected by EBESA, 8 had abnormal MLPA patterns, including 2 with exon 6 to 18 deletions, 2 with exon 9 deletion, 1 with exon 6 to 8 deletions, 1 with exon 11 deletion, 1 with exon 3 to 5 duplications, and 1 with exon 7 to 12 duplications. Pedigree analysis showed mutation cosegregation with hypercholesterolemia in affected family members. Mean lipid profiles and rate of failure to lower LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl in response to rosuvastatin/ezetimibe treatment were similar in groups with abnormal MLPA patterns and groups carrying nonsense or frameshift mutations. In conclusion, frequency of large LDLR rearrangement was approximately 8{\%} in Taiwanese patients with FH. The response to statin drugs differed between probands with abnormal MLPA patterns and probands carrying mis-sense or undetected mutations.",
author = "Chiou, {Kuan R.} and Charng, {Min J.}",
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AU - Chiou, Kuan R.

AU - Charng, Min J.

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N2 - Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is commonly caused by mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), apolipoprotein B, and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 genes. The study aim was to investigate patients with FH in Taiwan, using molecular diagnostic methods, and compare the abnormalities in the small mutation and large DNA rearrangement subgroups. In total, 102 unrelated probands with FH were tested for mutations by exon-by-exon sequence analysis (EBESA) and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). EBESA identified gene apolipoprotein B R3500W in 8 probands and 25 mis-sense, 5 nonsense, and 6 frameshift LDLR mutations in 52 probands; 11 were novel mutations. Of the 42 probands with mutations undetected by EBESA, 8 had abnormal MLPA patterns, including 2 with exon 6 to 18 deletions, 2 with exon 9 deletion, 1 with exon 6 to 8 deletions, 1 with exon 11 deletion, 1 with exon 3 to 5 duplications, and 1 with exon 7 to 12 duplications. Pedigree analysis showed mutation cosegregation with hypercholesterolemia in affected family members. Mean lipid profiles and rate of failure to lower LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl in response to rosuvastatin/ezetimibe treatment were similar in groups with abnormal MLPA patterns and groups carrying nonsense or frameshift mutations. In conclusion, frequency of large LDLR rearrangement was approximately 8% in Taiwanese patients with FH. The response to statin drugs differed between probands with abnormal MLPA patterns and probands carrying mis-sense or undetected mutations.

AB - Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is commonly caused by mutations in the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR), apolipoprotein B, and proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 genes. The study aim was to investigate patients with FH in Taiwan, using molecular diagnostic methods, and compare the abnormalities in the small mutation and large DNA rearrangement subgroups. In total, 102 unrelated probands with FH were tested for mutations by exon-by-exon sequence analysis (EBESA) and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA). EBESA identified gene apolipoprotein B R3500W in 8 probands and 25 mis-sense, 5 nonsense, and 6 frameshift LDLR mutations in 52 probands; 11 were novel mutations. Of the 42 probands with mutations undetected by EBESA, 8 had abnormal MLPA patterns, including 2 with exon 6 to 18 deletions, 2 with exon 9 deletion, 1 with exon 6 to 8 deletions, 1 with exon 11 deletion, 1 with exon 3 to 5 duplications, and 1 with exon 7 to 12 duplications. Pedigree analysis showed mutation cosegregation with hypercholesterolemia in affected family members. Mean lipid profiles and rate of failure to lower LDL cholesterol <100 mg/dl in response to rosuvastatin/ezetimibe treatment were similar in groups with abnormal MLPA patterns and groups carrying nonsense or frameshift mutations. In conclusion, frequency of large LDLR rearrangement was approximately 8% in Taiwanese patients with FH. The response to statin drugs differed between probands with abnormal MLPA patterns and probands carrying mis-sense or undetected mutations.

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