Depletion of phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase up-regulates arachidonate metabolism by 12S-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase 1 in human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells.

Ching Jiunn Chen, Huei Sheng Huang, Wen Chang Chang

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Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx), a selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase, can interact with lipophilic substrates, including the phospholipid hydroperoxides, fatty-acid hydroperoxides, and cholesteryl ester hydroperoxides, and reduce them to hydroxide compounds. We studied the functional role of endogenous PHGPx in regulation of 12(S)-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase 1 activities in human epidermoid carcinoma A431 cells by using a cell system overexpressing anti-PHGPx mRNA. A retroviral expression vector designated as L1-3, wherein cDNA of PHGPx was reversely inserted into pFB-ERV in antisense orientation, was constructed. A number of stable transfectants of A431 cells with PHGPx depletion were generated from virions containing plasmid L1-3. In an intact cell assay system, the metabolism of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin E2 and 12(S)-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid was significantly enhanced in stable L1-3 transfectants compared with that in vector-control cells. Flow cytometric analysis revealed a significant elevated level of intracellular hydroperoxides in stable L1-3 transfectants. Treatment of stable L1-3 transfectants with 50 microM arsenite induced more significant formation of intracellular hydroperoxides than that of vector-control cells. Taken together, these results support the notion that the endogenous PHGPx plays a pivotal role in the regulation of 12(S)-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase 1 activities by reducing the level of intracellular lipid hydroperoxides in arachidonate metabolism in A431 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1694-1696
Number of pages3
JournalFASEB Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


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