Dependence of electrogram duration in right posteroseptal atrium and atrium-pulmonary vein junction on pacing site

Mechanism and implications regarding atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Yi Jen Chen, Ching Tai Tai, Ming Hsiung Hsieh, Chin Feng Tsai, Wei Shiang Lin, Shih Ann Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The fractionated atrial electrogram, a signal helpful in identifying the target site for radiofrequency catheter ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway, is considered to arise from nonuniform anisotropic electrical activity. However, the effects of pacing sites and radiofrequency ablation on these electrograms are not clear. Similarly, the nature of the fractionated atrial electrogram in the atrium-pulmonary vein junction has yet to be determined. Methods and Results: Two experiments were performed in this study. Experiment 1 evaluated the fractionated atrial electrogram at target sites before and after slow AV nodal pathway ablation during sinus rhythm or during pacing from different sites. Group 1A consisted of 16 patients with dual AV nodal pathway physiology and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia who underwent successful ablation without residual slow AV nodal pathway. Group 1B consisted of 7 patients who underwent successful elimination of AV nodal reentry but with residual dual AV nodal pathway physiology. Group 1C consisted of 6 patients who still had AV nodal reentrant tachycardia after two applications of radiofrequency energy. In group 1D, there were 16 patients with dual AV nodal pathway physiology, but without inducible AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. In group 1E, there were 15 patients without dual AV nodal pathway physiology. Experiment 2 investigated the fractionated atrial electrogram in the ostium of the left and right superior pulmonary veins in 18 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2A) and in 8 patients without paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2B). Before radiofrequency ablation, electrogram duration in the right posteroseptal atrium during pacing from the middle coronary sinus or the right posterolateral atrium was shorter than that during pacing from the high right atrium (HRA) in all group 1 patients. After the successful elimination of the slow AV nodal pathway conduction in group 1A, atrial electrogram duration during HRA pacing was shorter than that before ablation. In experiment 2 patients, electrogram duration during pacing from the proximal or distal coronary sinus was shorter than that during pacing from HRA or sinus rhythm. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the fractionated atrial electrograms in the right posteroseptal atrium and ostium of left or right superior pulmonary veins are potentially consistent with nonuniform anisotropic propagation. Alternations of electrogram characteristics after successful radiofrequency ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway may arise from the changes of nonuniform anisotropic activity in the right posteroseptal atrium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-515
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Volume11
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry Tachycardia
Pulmonary Veins
Heart Atria
Atrial Fibrillation
Cardiac Electrophysiologic Techniques
Coronary Sinus
Catheter Ablation

Keywords

  • Fractionated electrogram
  • Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation
  • Pulmonary vein
  • Slow atrioventricular nodal pathway

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{3b34f323c89548d88de93deaf2465c1a,
title = "Dependence of electrogram duration in right posteroseptal atrium and atrium-pulmonary vein junction on pacing site: Mechanism and implications regarding atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation",
abstract = "Introduction: The fractionated atrial electrogram, a signal helpful in identifying the target site for radiofrequency catheter ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway, is considered to arise from nonuniform anisotropic electrical activity. However, the effects of pacing sites and radiofrequency ablation on these electrograms are not clear. Similarly, the nature of the fractionated atrial electrogram in the atrium-pulmonary vein junction has yet to be determined. Methods and Results: Two experiments were performed in this study. Experiment 1 evaluated the fractionated atrial electrogram at target sites before and after slow AV nodal pathway ablation during sinus rhythm or during pacing from different sites. Group 1A consisted of 16 patients with dual AV nodal pathway physiology and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia who underwent successful ablation without residual slow AV nodal pathway. Group 1B consisted of 7 patients who underwent successful elimination of AV nodal reentry but with residual dual AV nodal pathway physiology. Group 1C consisted of 6 patients who still had AV nodal reentrant tachycardia after two applications of radiofrequency energy. In group 1D, there were 16 patients with dual AV nodal pathway physiology, but without inducible AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. In group 1E, there were 15 patients without dual AV nodal pathway physiology. Experiment 2 investigated the fractionated atrial electrogram in the ostium of the left and right superior pulmonary veins in 18 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2A) and in 8 patients without paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2B). Before radiofrequency ablation, electrogram duration in the right posteroseptal atrium during pacing from the middle coronary sinus or the right posterolateral atrium was shorter than that during pacing from the high right atrium (HRA) in all group 1 patients. After the successful elimination of the slow AV nodal pathway conduction in group 1A, atrial electrogram duration during HRA pacing was shorter than that before ablation. In experiment 2 patients, electrogram duration during pacing from the proximal or distal coronary sinus was shorter than that during pacing from HRA or sinus rhythm. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the fractionated atrial electrograms in the right posteroseptal atrium and ostium of left or right superior pulmonary veins are potentially consistent with nonuniform anisotropic propagation. Alternations of electrogram characteristics after successful radiofrequency ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway may arise from the changes of nonuniform anisotropic activity in the right posteroseptal atrium.",
keywords = "Fractionated electrogram, Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, Pulmonary vein, Slow atrioventricular nodal pathway",
author = "Chen, {Yi Jen} and Tai, {Ching Tai} and Hsieh, {Ming Hsiung} and Tsai, {Chin Feng} and Lin, {Wei Shiang} and Chen, {Shih Ann}",
year = "2000",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "506--515",
journal = "Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology",
issn = "1045-3873",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dependence of electrogram duration in right posteroseptal atrium and atrium-pulmonary vein junction on pacing site

T2 - Mechanism and implications regarding atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia and paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

AU - Chen, Yi Jen

AU - Tai, Ching Tai

AU - Hsieh, Ming Hsiung

AU - Tsai, Chin Feng

AU - Lin, Wei Shiang

AU - Chen, Shih Ann

PY - 2000

Y1 - 2000

N2 - Introduction: The fractionated atrial electrogram, a signal helpful in identifying the target site for radiofrequency catheter ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway, is considered to arise from nonuniform anisotropic electrical activity. However, the effects of pacing sites and radiofrequency ablation on these electrograms are not clear. Similarly, the nature of the fractionated atrial electrogram in the atrium-pulmonary vein junction has yet to be determined. Methods and Results: Two experiments were performed in this study. Experiment 1 evaluated the fractionated atrial electrogram at target sites before and after slow AV nodal pathway ablation during sinus rhythm or during pacing from different sites. Group 1A consisted of 16 patients with dual AV nodal pathway physiology and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia who underwent successful ablation without residual slow AV nodal pathway. Group 1B consisted of 7 patients who underwent successful elimination of AV nodal reentry but with residual dual AV nodal pathway physiology. Group 1C consisted of 6 patients who still had AV nodal reentrant tachycardia after two applications of radiofrequency energy. In group 1D, there were 16 patients with dual AV nodal pathway physiology, but without inducible AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. In group 1E, there were 15 patients without dual AV nodal pathway physiology. Experiment 2 investigated the fractionated atrial electrogram in the ostium of the left and right superior pulmonary veins in 18 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2A) and in 8 patients without paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2B). Before radiofrequency ablation, electrogram duration in the right posteroseptal atrium during pacing from the middle coronary sinus or the right posterolateral atrium was shorter than that during pacing from the high right atrium (HRA) in all group 1 patients. After the successful elimination of the slow AV nodal pathway conduction in group 1A, atrial electrogram duration during HRA pacing was shorter than that before ablation. In experiment 2 patients, electrogram duration during pacing from the proximal or distal coronary sinus was shorter than that during pacing from HRA or sinus rhythm. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the fractionated atrial electrograms in the right posteroseptal atrium and ostium of left or right superior pulmonary veins are potentially consistent with nonuniform anisotropic propagation. Alternations of electrogram characteristics after successful radiofrequency ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway may arise from the changes of nonuniform anisotropic activity in the right posteroseptal atrium.

AB - Introduction: The fractionated atrial electrogram, a signal helpful in identifying the target site for radiofrequency catheter ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway, is considered to arise from nonuniform anisotropic electrical activity. However, the effects of pacing sites and radiofrequency ablation on these electrograms are not clear. Similarly, the nature of the fractionated atrial electrogram in the atrium-pulmonary vein junction has yet to be determined. Methods and Results: Two experiments were performed in this study. Experiment 1 evaluated the fractionated atrial electrogram at target sites before and after slow AV nodal pathway ablation during sinus rhythm or during pacing from different sites. Group 1A consisted of 16 patients with dual AV nodal pathway physiology and AV nodal reentrant tachycardia who underwent successful ablation without residual slow AV nodal pathway. Group 1B consisted of 7 patients who underwent successful elimination of AV nodal reentry but with residual dual AV nodal pathway physiology. Group 1C consisted of 6 patients who still had AV nodal reentrant tachycardia after two applications of radiofrequency energy. In group 1D, there were 16 patients with dual AV nodal pathway physiology, but without inducible AV nodal reentrant tachycardia. In group 1E, there were 15 patients without dual AV nodal pathway physiology. Experiment 2 investigated the fractionated atrial electrogram in the ostium of the left and right superior pulmonary veins in 18 patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2A) and in 8 patients without paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (2B). Before radiofrequency ablation, electrogram duration in the right posteroseptal atrium during pacing from the middle coronary sinus or the right posterolateral atrium was shorter than that during pacing from the high right atrium (HRA) in all group 1 patients. After the successful elimination of the slow AV nodal pathway conduction in group 1A, atrial electrogram duration during HRA pacing was shorter than that before ablation. In experiment 2 patients, electrogram duration during pacing from the proximal or distal coronary sinus was shorter than that during pacing from HRA or sinus rhythm. Conclusion: These findings suggest that the fractionated atrial electrograms in the right posteroseptal atrium and ostium of left or right superior pulmonary veins are potentially consistent with nonuniform anisotropic propagation. Alternations of electrogram characteristics after successful radiofrequency ablation of the slow AV nodal pathway may arise from the changes of nonuniform anisotropic activity in the right posteroseptal atrium.

KW - Fractionated electrogram

KW - Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

KW - Pulmonary vein

KW - Slow atrioventricular nodal pathway

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M3 - Article

VL - 11

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JO - Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology

JF - Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology

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