Abstract

Introduction: Although the therapeutic potential of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) has been studied for bone regeneration, the therapeutic efficiency needs further consideration and examinations for clinical applications. Thus, the aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of 2,3,5,4’-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG) on the osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs and to examine the therapeutic efficiency of the THSG-enhanced osseous potential of hDPSCs in alveolar bony defects of rats. Methods: Expressions of osteogenic messenger RNAs (including ALP, RUNX2, BGLAP, and AMBN) were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Alizarin red S staining was conducted to analyze THSG-induced mineralization of hDPSCs. To investigate the regenerative effects of THSG-treated hDPSCs on dental alveolar bone, bony defects were created in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Defects were treated with Matrigel (Corning Inc, Corning, NY), hDPSCs, or hDPSCs + THSG. After 2 weeks, defect healing was evaluated by micro–computed tomographic and histologic analyses. Results: In the cell model, THSG induced osteogenesis-associated genes (ALP, RUNX2, and BGLAP) and an enamel-related gene (AMBN), resulting in mineralization as detected by alizarin red S staining after 2 weeks of treatment. In the animal model, THSG increased all parameters of bone formation (the relative bone volume, trabecular thickness, trabecular number, and trabecular separation) in alveolar bony defects of rats. THSG not only improved the quality of newly formed bone but also the quantity of new bone. Conclusions: These results showed important findings in revealing the THSG-enhanced osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs and THSG-facilitated bone regeneration, which may provide an alternative option for cell-based regenerative therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-441
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Endodontics
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

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Dental Pulp
Bone Regeneration
Stem Cell Transplantation
Stem Cells
Osteogenesis
Bone and Bones
Staining and Labeling
Therapeutics
2,3,5,4'-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-glucoside
Dental Enamel
Genes
Sprague Dawley Rats
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Tooth
Animal Models
Messenger RNA

Keywords

  • 2,3,5,4′-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside
  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • bone regeneration
  • human dental pulp stem cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Dental Pulp Stem Cell Transplantation with 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside Accelerates Alveolar Bone Regeneration in Rats. / Lin, Chi Yu; Kuo, Po Jan; Chin, Yu Tang; Weng, I. Tsen; Lee, Hao Wei; Huang, Haw Ming; Lin, Hung Yun; Hsiung, Chao Nan; Chan, Ya Hui; Lee, Sheng Yang.

In: Journal of Endodontics, Vol. 45, No. 4, 01.04.2019, p. 435-441.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lin, Chi Yu ; Kuo, Po Jan ; Chin, Yu Tang ; Weng, I. Tsen ; Lee, Hao Wei ; Huang, Haw Ming ; Lin, Hung Yun ; Hsiung, Chao Nan ; Chan, Ya Hui ; Lee, Sheng Yang. / Dental Pulp Stem Cell Transplantation with 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside Accelerates Alveolar Bone Regeneration in Rats. In: Journal of Endodontics. 2019 ; Vol. 45, No. 4. pp. 435-441.
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abstract = "Introduction: Although the therapeutic potential of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) has been studied for bone regeneration, the therapeutic efficiency needs further consideration and examinations for clinical applications. Thus, the aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of 2,3,5,4’-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG) on the osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs and to examine the therapeutic efficiency of the THSG-enhanced osseous potential of hDPSCs in alveolar bony defects of rats. Methods: Expressions of osteogenic messenger RNAs (including ALP, RUNX2, BGLAP, and AMBN) were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Alizarin red S staining was conducted to analyze THSG-induced mineralization of hDPSCs. To investigate the regenerative effects of THSG-treated hDPSCs on dental alveolar bone, bony defects were created in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Defects were treated with Matrigel (Corning Inc, Corning, NY), hDPSCs, or hDPSCs + THSG. After 2 weeks, defect healing was evaluated by micro–computed tomographic and histologic analyses. Results: In the cell model, THSG induced osteogenesis-associated genes (ALP, RUNX2, and BGLAP) and an enamel-related gene (AMBN), resulting in mineralization as detected by alizarin red S staining after 2 weeks of treatment. In the animal model, THSG increased all parameters of bone formation (the relative bone volume, trabecular thickness, trabecular number, and trabecular separation) in alveolar bony defects of rats. THSG not only improved the quality of newly formed bone but also the quantity of new bone. Conclusions: These results showed important findings in revealing the THSG-enhanced osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs and THSG-facilitated bone regeneration, which may provide an alternative option for cell-based regenerative therapy.",
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T1 - Dental Pulp Stem Cell Transplantation with 2,3,5,4′-Tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside Accelerates Alveolar Bone Regeneration in Rats

AU - Lin, Chi Yu

AU - Kuo, Po Jan

AU - Chin, Yu Tang

AU - Weng, I. Tsen

AU - Lee, Hao Wei

AU - Huang, Haw Ming

AU - Lin, Hung Yun

AU - Hsiung, Chao Nan

AU - Chan, Ya Hui

AU - Lee, Sheng Yang

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Introduction: Although the therapeutic potential of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) has been studied for bone regeneration, the therapeutic efficiency needs further consideration and examinations for clinical applications. Thus, the aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of 2,3,5,4’-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG) on the osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs and to examine the therapeutic efficiency of the THSG-enhanced osseous potential of hDPSCs in alveolar bony defects of rats. Methods: Expressions of osteogenic messenger RNAs (including ALP, RUNX2, BGLAP, and AMBN) were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Alizarin red S staining was conducted to analyze THSG-induced mineralization of hDPSCs. To investigate the regenerative effects of THSG-treated hDPSCs on dental alveolar bone, bony defects were created in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Defects were treated with Matrigel (Corning Inc, Corning, NY), hDPSCs, or hDPSCs + THSG. After 2 weeks, defect healing was evaluated by micro–computed tomographic and histologic analyses. Results: In the cell model, THSG induced osteogenesis-associated genes (ALP, RUNX2, and BGLAP) and an enamel-related gene (AMBN), resulting in mineralization as detected by alizarin red S staining after 2 weeks of treatment. In the animal model, THSG increased all parameters of bone formation (the relative bone volume, trabecular thickness, trabecular number, and trabecular separation) in alveolar bony defects of rats. THSG not only improved the quality of newly formed bone but also the quantity of new bone. Conclusions: These results showed important findings in revealing the THSG-enhanced osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs and THSG-facilitated bone regeneration, which may provide an alternative option for cell-based regenerative therapy.

AB - Introduction: Although the therapeutic potential of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) has been studied for bone regeneration, the therapeutic efficiency needs further consideration and examinations for clinical applications. Thus, the aims of this study were to evaluate the effect of 2,3,5,4’-tetrahydroxystilbene-2-O-β-D-glucoside (THSG) on the osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs and to examine the therapeutic efficiency of the THSG-enhanced osseous potential of hDPSCs in alveolar bony defects of rats. Methods: Expressions of osteogenic messenger RNAs (including ALP, RUNX2, BGLAP, and AMBN) were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Alizarin red S staining was conducted to analyze THSG-induced mineralization of hDPSCs. To investigate the regenerative effects of THSG-treated hDPSCs on dental alveolar bone, bony defects were created in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Defects were treated with Matrigel (Corning Inc, Corning, NY), hDPSCs, or hDPSCs + THSG. After 2 weeks, defect healing was evaluated by micro–computed tomographic and histologic analyses. Results: In the cell model, THSG induced osteogenesis-associated genes (ALP, RUNX2, and BGLAP) and an enamel-related gene (AMBN), resulting in mineralization as detected by alizarin red S staining after 2 weeks of treatment. In the animal model, THSG increased all parameters of bone formation (the relative bone volume, trabecular thickness, trabecular number, and trabecular separation) in alveolar bony defects of rats. THSG not only improved the quality of newly formed bone but also the quantity of new bone. Conclusions: These results showed important findings in revealing the THSG-enhanced osteogenic differentiation of hDPSCs and THSG-facilitated bone regeneration, which may provide an alternative option for cell-based regenerative therapy.

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KW - Alkaline phosphatase

KW - bone regeneration

KW - human dental pulp stem cells

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