Abstract: Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) upregulates intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) expressions in osteoarthritis fibroblast-like synoviocytes (OA-FLS) via nuclear factor (NF)-κB-mediated mechanism; enhancement of leukocyte infiltration and upregulation of proinflammatory mediators play a crucial role in OA pathophysiology. MicroRNA (miR)-146a suppresses inflammatory responses by inhibiting NF-κB activity and target gene expression, and epigenetic mechanisms are reportedly involved in miR expression regulation. Here, we aimed to verify the inhibition of ICAM-1/VCAM-1 expression in OA-FLS on denbinobin treatment and to determine whether this inhibition was due to the miR-146a-dependent pathway. We also assessed the epigenetic regulation caused by histone acetyltransferases involved in denbinobin action. Denbinobin attenuated the upregulation of IL-1β-induced ICAM-1/VCAM-1 expression and monocyte adhesion to OA-FLS. The mechanism underlying the inhibitory effects of denbinobin involved miR-146a induction, which in turn inhibited NF-κB signaling. This is because miR-146a inhibitor abrogated the inhibitory effects of denbinobin. Furthermore, histone acetyltransferase inhibitor attenuated the denbinobin-induced upregulation of miR-146a expression and inhibited the acetylation of NF-κB-binding sites located within the miR-146a promoter region. These data suggest that an epigenetic mechanism plays a crucial role in the upregulation of miR-146a expression in response to denbinobin treatment. Our overall findings suggest that denbinobin can be used as a potent anti-inflammatory agent.
Key message: • Denbinobin inhibited IL-1β-induced ICAM-1/VCAM-1 expression and monocyte adhesion to OA-FLS.
• It was due to denbinobin increased miR-146a level, which in turn inhibited NF-κB signaling.
• Our overall findings suggest that denbinobin can be used as a potent anti-inflammatory agent.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Drug Discovery