Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of damping on stress concentration in an impacted incisor. Methods: Damping ratios of maxillary incisors were tested using an in vivo modal testing method. A finite element model of the upper central incisor was established for dental trauma analysis. To assess the effect of damping properties on induced stresses in the traumatized incisors, equivalent stresses in the finite element model with various damping ratios were calculated for comparison. The mechanisms of cushioning properties of the upper incisors on traumatic injuries were assessed by profiling the stress distributions in the incisor model sequentially with time. Results: The measured damping ratio of maxillary incisors was 0.146±0.037. When the incisor was subjected to an impact force, high stresses were concentrated at the labial and lingual incisor edges, cervical ridge, and the area around root apex. When the damping ratios of the incisor model were set at 10- and 50-fold of the measured values, the peak stresses induced near the impact site of the incisor model were reduced from 24.0 to 23.2 and 15.9 MPa, respectively. On the other hand, the peak stress lagged and the stress existence period increased when the damping properties were taken into consideration. Conclusions: Damping properties of teeth provide protection to the tooth during traumatic injury by decreasing the peak stress magnitude due to release of strain energy over a longer period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)261-268
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dentistry
Volume34
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006

Fingerprint

Finite Element Analysis
Incisor
Tooth
Wounds and Injuries
Lip
Tongue

Keywords

  • Damping ratio
  • Dental trauma
  • Finite element method
  • Stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Damping effects on the response of maxillary incisor subjected to a traumatic impact force : A nonlinear finite element analysis. / Huang, Haw Ming; Tsai, Chi Yang; Lee, Hao Fu; Lin, Che Tong; Yao, Wei Cheng; Chiu, Wen Ta; Lee, Sheng Yang.

In: Journal of Dentistry, Vol. 34, No. 4, 04.2006, p. 261-268.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, Haw Ming ; Tsai, Chi Yang ; Lee, Hao Fu ; Lin, Che Tong ; Yao, Wei Cheng ; Chiu, Wen Ta ; Lee, Sheng Yang. / Damping effects on the response of maxillary incisor subjected to a traumatic impact force : A nonlinear finite element analysis. In: Journal of Dentistry. 2006 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 261-268.
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abstract = "Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of damping on stress concentration in an impacted incisor. Methods: Damping ratios of maxillary incisors were tested using an in vivo modal testing method. A finite element model of the upper central incisor was established for dental trauma analysis. To assess the effect of damping properties on induced stresses in the traumatized incisors, equivalent stresses in the finite element model with various damping ratios were calculated for comparison. The mechanisms of cushioning properties of the upper incisors on traumatic injuries were assessed by profiling the stress distributions in the incisor model sequentially with time. Results: The measured damping ratio of maxillary incisors was 0.146±0.037. When the incisor was subjected to an impact force, high stresses were concentrated at the labial and lingual incisor edges, cervical ridge, and the area around root apex. When the damping ratios of the incisor model were set at 10- and 50-fold of the measured values, the peak stresses induced near the impact site of the incisor model were reduced from 24.0 to 23.2 and 15.9 MPa, respectively. On the other hand, the peak stress lagged and the stress existence period increased when the damping properties were taken into consideration. Conclusions: Damping properties of teeth provide protection to the tooth during traumatic injury by decreasing the peak stress magnitude due to release of strain energy over a longer period.",
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AU - Huang, Haw Ming

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AU - Lee, Hao Fu

AU - Lin, Che Tong

AU - Yao, Wei Cheng

AU - Chiu, Wen Ta

AU - Lee, Sheng Yang

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N2 - Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of damping on stress concentration in an impacted incisor. Methods: Damping ratios of maxillary incisors were tested using an in vivo modal testing method. A finite element model of the upper central incisor was established for dental trauma analysis. To assess the effect of damping properties on induced stresses in the traumatized incisors, equivalent stresses in the finite element model with various damping ratios were calculated for comparison. The mechanisms of cushioning properties of the upper incisors on traumatic injuries were assessed by profiling the stress distributions in the incisor model sequentially with time. Results: The measured damping ratio of maxillary incisors was 0.146±0.037. When the incisor was subjected to an impact force, high stresses were concentrated at the labial and lingual incisor edges, cervical ridge, and the area around root apex. When the damping ratios of the incisor model were set at 10- and 50-fold of the measured values, the peak stresses induced near the impact site of the incisor model were reduced from 24.0 to 23.2 and 15.9 MPa, respectively. On the other hand, the peak stress lagged and the stress existence period increased when the damping properties were taken into consideration. Conclusions: Damping properties of teeth provide protection to the tooth during traumatic injury by decreasing the peak stress magnitude due to release of strain energy over a longer period.

AB - Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of damping on stress concentration in an impacted incisor. Methods: Damping ratios of maxillary incisors were tested using an in vivo modal testing method. A finite element model of the upper central incisor was established for dental trauma analysis. To assess the effect of damping properties on induced stresses in the traumatized incisors, equivalent stresses in the finite element model with various damping ratios were calculated for comparison. The mechanisms of cushioning properties of the upper incisors on traumatic injuries were assessed by profiling the stress distributions in the incisor model sequentially with time. Results: The measured damping ratio of maxillary incisors was 0.146±0.037. When the incisor was subjected to an impact force, high stresses were concentrated at the labial and lingual incisor edges, cervical ridge, and the area around root apex. When the damping ratios of the incisor model were set at 10- and 50-fold of the measured values, the peak stresses induced near the impact site of the incisor model were reduced from 24.0 to 23.2 and 15.9 MPa, respectively. On the other hand, the peak stress lagged and the stress existence period increased when the damping properties were taken into consideration. Conclusions: Damping properties of teeth provide protection to the tooth during traumatic injury by decreasing the peak stress magnitude due to release of strain energy over a longer period.

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