Daily intake of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As for fishermen in Taiwan

Ling C. Chien, Tsu Chang Hung, Kun Yang Choang, Ching-Ying Yeh, Pei J. Meng, Ming-Che Hsieh, Bor Cheng Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

229 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The consumption of contaminated seafood has been reported as an important route of human exposure to metals in Taiwan. We consider the concentrations of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd, As, and the consumption of oysters of Taiwanese to be the important information related to public health in Taiwan. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the public health risks associated with TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As from shellfish for the general population and fishermen of Taiwan. In general, TBT concentrations in various oysters ranging from 0.32 to 1.51 μg/g dry wt. varied with sampling locations. The highest TBT, Cu, and Zn geometric mean (GM) concentrations in oysters of 1.51, 1180 and 1567 μg/g dry wt. were obtained from the Hsiangshan coastal area. The values of oyster consumption for fishermen were 94.1 and 250 g/day for typically and maximally exposed individuals, respectively. In particular, the highest intake (250 g/day) from fishermen was almost two times greater than that of the general population (139 g/day). The THQ (target hazard quotient) values of Hsiangshan's fishermen are 3.87 and 20.50 for TBT and Cu for maximally exposed individuals are higher than other oyster culture areas. It is interesting that those consuming oysters from Hsiangshan, Lukang, Taishi caused abnormally high THQs of TBT and other metals (100% over 1.0), and TBT was attributed to only 3-21% of the total THQs in different fishermen of Taiwan. Our results suggest that current environmental levels of TBT and other metals are associated with a significant potential threat to human health for fishermen resident in coastal areas of Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-185
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume285
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 21 2002

Fingerprint

Metals
Public health
public health
metal
oyster culture
Public risks
Shellfish
seafood
Health risks
shellfish
health risk
Hazards
Health
hazard
Sampling
sampling
consumption
coastal area
exposure
human health

Keywords

  • Fishermen
  • Intake
  • Metals
  • TBT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Daily intake of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As for fishermen in Taiwan. / Chien, Ling C.; Hung, Tsu Chang; Choang, Kun Yang; Yeh, Ching-Ying; Meng, Pei J.; Hsieh, Ming-Che; Han, Bor Cheng.

In: Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 285, No. 1-3, 21.02.2002, p. 177-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chien, Ling C. ; Hung, Tsu Chang ; Choang, Kun Yang ; Yeh, Ching-Ying ; Meng, Pei J. ; Hsieh, Ming-Che ; Han, Bor Cheng. / Daily intake of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As for fishermen in Taiwan. In: Science of the Total Environment. 2002 ; Vol. 285, No. 1-3. pp. 177-185.
@article{55c27a6857c043f18d636ffddc51229f,
title = "Daily intake of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As for fishermen in Taiwan",
abstract = "The consumption of contaminated seafood has been reported as an important route of human exposure to metals in Taiwan. We consider the concentrations of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd, As, and the consumption of oysters of Taiwanese to be the important information related to public health in Taiwan. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the public health risks associated with TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As from shellfish for the general population and fishermen of Taiwan. In general, TBT concentrations in various oysters ranging from 0.32 to 1.51 μg/g dry wt. varied with sampling locations. The highest TBT, Cu, and Zn geometric mean (GM) concentrations in oysters of 1.51, 1180 and 1567 μg/g dry wt. were obtained from the Hsiangshan coastal area. The values of oyster consumption for fishermen were 94.1 and 250 g/day for typically and maximally exposed individuals, respectively. In particular, the highest intake (250 g/day) from fishermen was almost two times greater than that of the general population (139 g/day). The THQ (target hazard quotient) values of Hsiangshan's fishermen are 3.87 and 20.50 for TBT and Cu for maximally exposed individuals are higher than other oyster culture areas. It is interesting that those consuming oysters from Hsiangshan, Lukang, Taishi caused abnormally high THQs of TBT and other metals (100{\%} over 1.0), and TBT was attributed to only 3-21{\%} of the total THQs in different fishermen of Taiwan. Our results suggest that current environmental levels of TBT and other metals are associated with a significant potential threat to human health for fishermen resident in coastal areas of Taiwan.",
keywords = "Fishermen, Intake, Metals, TBT",
author = "Chien, {Ling C.} and Hung, {Tsu Chang} and Choang, {Kun Yang} and Ching-Ying Yeh and Meng, {Pei J.} and Ming-Che Hsieh and Han, {Bor Cheng}",
year = "2002",
month = "2",
day = "21",
doi = "10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00916-0",
language = "English",
volume = "285",
pages = "177--185",
journal = "Science of the Total Environment",
issn = "0048-9697",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1-3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Daily intake of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As for fishermen in Taiwan

AU - Chien, Ling C.

AU - Hung, Tsu Chang

AU - Choang, Kun Yang

AU - Yeh, Ching-Ying

AU - Meng, Pei J.

AU - Hsieh, Ming-Che

AU - Han, Bor Cheng

PY - 2002/2/21

Y1 - 2002/2/21

N2 - The consumption of contaminated seafood has been reported as an important route of human exposure to metals in Taiwan. We consider the concentrations of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd, As, and the consumption of oysters of Taiwanese to be the important information related to public health in Taiwan. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the public health risks associated with TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As from shellfish for the general population and fishermen of Taiwan. In general, TBT concentrations in various oysters ranging from 0.32 to 1.51 μg/g dry wt. varied with sampling locations. The highest TBT, Cu, and Zn geometric mean (GM) concentrations in oysters of 1.51, 1180 and 1567 μg/g dry wt. were obtained from the Hsiangshan coastal area. The values of oyster consumption for fishermen were 94.1 and 250 g/day for typically and maximally exposed individuals, respectively. In particular, the highest intake (250 g/day) from fishermen was almost two times greater than that of the general population (139 g/day). The THQ (target hazard quotient) values of Hsiangshan's fishermen are 3.87 and 20.50 for TBT and Cu for maximally exposed individuals are higher than other oyster culture areas. It is interesting that those consuming oysters from Hsiangshan, Lukang, Taishi caused abnormally high THQs of TBT and other metals (100% over 1.0), and TBT was attributed to only 3-21% of the total THQs in different fishermen of Taiwan. Our results suggest that current environmental levels of TBT and other metals are associated with a significant potential threat to human health for fishermen resident in coastal areas of Taiwan.

AB - The consumption of contaminated seafood has been reported as an important route of human exposure to metals in Taiwan. We consider the concentrations of TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd, As, and the consumption of oysters of Taiwanese to be the important information related to public health in Taiwan. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the public health risks associated with TBT, Cu, Zn, Cd and As from shellfish for the general population and fishermen of Taiwan. In general, TBT concentrations in various oysters ranging from 0.32 to 1.51 μg/g dry wt. varied with sampling locations. The highest TBT, Cu, and Zn geometric mean (GM) concentrations in oysters of 1.51, 1180 and 1567 μg/g dry wt. were obtained from the Hsiangshan coastal area. The values of oyster consumption for fishermen were 94.1 and 250 g/day for typically and maximally exposed individuals, respectively. In particular, the highest intake (250 g/day) from fishermen was almost two times greater than that of the general population (139 g/day). The THQ (target hazard quotient) values of Hsiangshan's fishermen are 3.87 and 20.50 for TBT and Cu for maximally exposed individuals are higher than other oyster culture areas. It is interesting that those consuming oysters from Hsiangshan, Lukang, Taishi caused abnormally high THQs of TBT and other metals (100% over 1.0), and TBT was attributed to only 3-21% of the total THQs in different fishermen of Taiwan. Our results suggest that current environmental levels of TBT and other metals are associated with a significant potential threat to human health for fishermen resident in coastal areas of Taiwan.

KW - Fishermen

KW - Intake

KW - Metals

KW - TBT

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0037148726&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0037148726&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00916-0

DO - 10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00916-0

M3 - Article

C2 - 11874040

AN - SCOPUS:0037148726

VL - 285

SP - 177

EP - 185

JO - Science of the Total Environment

JF - Science of the Total Environment

SN - 0048-9697

IS - 1-3

ER -