Background-We tested the hypothesis that bicistronic cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1)/prostacyclin synthase (PGIS) and COX-1 gene transfer reduce cerebral infarct volume by augmenting synthesis of protective prostaglandins. Methods and Results-We infused into lateral ventricle of a rat stroke model recombinant adenoviruses (rAd) containing COX-1 (Adv-COX-1), COX-1 and PGIS (Adv-COX- 1/PGIS) or Adv-PGK control vector, and we determined COX-1 and PGIS protein and eicosanoid levels and infarct volume. COX-1 and PGIS proteins were increased in a time-dependent manner. Adv-COX-1/PGIS infusion selectively augmented prostacyclin levels, with reduction of other eicosanoids in ischemic cortex and a significant reduction of infarct volume, even when the rAd was administered 5 hours after ischemia. Infusion of Adv-COX-1 also increased prostacyclin, suppressed leukotriene levels, and achieved a similar degree of cerebral protection. Its neuroprotection was abrogated by treatment with a selective COX-1 inhibitor. Conclusions-COX-1/PGIS and COX-1 gene transfer reduce cerebral infarct volume by augmenting prostacyclin and suppressing leukotriene productions. COX-1-based gene transfer has potential for treating ischemic stroke.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 23 2002|
- Gene therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)