Cultural factors and social support related to breastfeeding among immigrant mothers in Taipei City, Taiwan

Tzu Ling Chen, Chen-Jei Tai, Yu Roo Chu, Kuo Chiang Han, Kuan Chia Lin, Li Yin Chien

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25 Citations (Scopus)


The objectives of this study were to identify cultural factors (including acculturation and breastfeeding cultures in subjects' native countries and those in mainstream Taiwanese society) and social support related to breastfeeding among immigrant mothers in Taiwan. This study was a cross-sectional survey performed from October 2007 through January 2008. The study participants were 210 immigrant mothers living in Taipei City. The prevalence of exclusive and partial breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum was 59.0% and 14.3%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis revealed that breastfeeding experience among mothers-in-law and the perceived level of acceptance of breastfeeding in Taiwan were positively associated with breastfeeding at 3 months postpartum. Immigrant women with a higher level of household activity support were less likely to breastfeed. Immigrant mothers in Taiwan usually come from cultures with a higher acceptance level for breastfeeding; however, their breastfeeding practices are more likely to be influenced by the mainstream culture in Taiwan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Human Lactation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011



  • Breastfeeding
  • Culture
  • Immigrant mothers
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • Medicine(all)

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