Crystal structures of ligand-bound octaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase from Escherichia coli reveal the catalytic and chain-length determining mechanisms

Xu Han, Chun Chi Chen, Chih Jung Kuo, Chun Hsiang Huang, Yingying Zheng, Tzu Ping Ko, Zhen Zhu, Xinxin Feng, Ke Wang, Eric Oldfield, Andrew H.J. Wang, Po Huang Liang, Rey Ting Guo, Yanhe Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Octaprenyl pyrophosphate synthase (OPPs) catalyzes consecutive condensation reactions of one allylic substrate farnesyl pyrophosphate (FPP) and five homoallylic substrate isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP) molecules to form a C40 long-chain product OPP, which serves as a side chain of ubiquinone and menaquinone. OPPs belongs to the trans-prenyltransferase class of proteins. The structures of OPPs from Escherichia coli were solved in the apo-form as well as in complexes with IPP and a FPP thio-analog, FsPP, at resolutions of 2.2-2.6 Å, and revealed the detailed interactions between the ligands and enzyme. At the bottom of the active-site tunnel, M123 and M135 act in concert to form a wall which determines the final chain length. These results represent the first ligand-bound crystal structures of a long-chain trans-prenyltransferase and provide new information on the mechanisms of catalysis and product chain elongation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalProteins: Structure, Function and Bioinformatics
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Crystal structure
  • Prenyltransferase
  • Product chain length
  • Site-directed mutagenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Structural Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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