Cross-cultural comparisons on Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder

Yu Ming Liu, Shang Ying Tsai, David E. Fleck, Stephen M. Strakowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)


We compared executive dysfunction with the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) among distinct national and ethnic patients with bipolar disorder in euthymia. Bipolar patients, aged 16-45. years, from the United States (n= 25) and Taiwan (n= 30) did not differ significantly on any measure. The WCST score for number Failure to Maintain Set was significantly positively correlated with residual affective symptoms in Taiwanese and US patients. Selective executive dysfunction in euthymia is inherent to bipolar disorder. Euthymic bipolar patients of various ethnic groups may exhibit similar executive dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469-471
Number of pages3
JournalPsychiatry Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Oct 30 2011



  • Bipolar disorder
  • Cross-cultural comparison
  • Executive dysfunction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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