CREB activation in the rapid, intermediate, and delayed ischemic preconditioning against hypoxic-ischemia in neonatal rat

Wan Ying Lin, Ying Chao Chang, Hsueh Te Lee, Chao Ching Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ischemic preconditioning (IP) is a defense program in which exposure to sublethal ischemia followed by a period of reperfusion results in subsequent resistance to severe ischemic insults. Very few in vivo IP models have been established for neonatal brain. We examined whether rapid, intermediate, and delayed IP against hypoxic-ischemia (HI) could be induced in neonatal brain, and if so, whether the IP involved phosphorylation of cAMP response element-binding protein (pCREB) after HI. Postnatal day 7 rat pups were subjected to HI at 2 h (2-h IP), 6 h (6-h IP), or 22 h (22-h IP) after IP. We found all three IP groups had significantly reduced neuronal damage and TUNEL-(+) cells 24 h post-HI than no-IP group. Compared with control, the no-IP group had significant decreases of pCREB and mitochondria Bcl-2 levels in the ipsilateral cortex 24 h post-HI. In contrast, the three IP groups had increased pCREB and mitochondria Bcl-2 levels, and significant differences were found between three IP and no-IP groups. The increases of cleavage of caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase and of cells with nuclear apoptosis inducing factor post-HI in no-IP group were all significantly reduced in three IP groups. The increases of caspase-3 and calpain-mediated proteolysis of α-spectrin post-HI were significantly reduced only in 22-h IP group. Furthermore, all three IP groups had long-term neuroprotection at behavioral and pathological levels compared with no-IP group. In conclusion, IP, rapid, intermediate, or delayed, in neonatal rat brain activates CREB, up-regulates Bcl-2, induces extensive brakes on caspase-dependent and -independent apoptosis after HI, and provides long-term neuroprotection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)847-859
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume108
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein
Ischemic Preconditioning
Phosphorylation
Rats
Brain
Mitochondria
Ischemia
Chemical activation
Caspase 3
Apoptosis Inducing Factor
Proteolysis
Spectrin
Calpain
Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
Caspases
Brakes
Apoptosis

Keywords

  • Bcl-2
  • cAMP response element-binding protein
  • Delayed
  • Hypoxic-ischemia
  • Intermediate
  • Ischemic preconditioning
  • Neonatal brain
  • Rapid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

CREB activation in the rapid, intermediate, and delayed ischemic preconditioning against hypoxic-ischemia in neonatal rat. / Lin, Wan Ying; Chang, Ying Chao; Lee, Hsueh Te; Huang, Chao Ching.

In: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 108, No. 4, 02.2009, p. 847-859.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Ischemic preconditioning (IP) is a defense program in which exposure to sublethal ischemia followed by a period of reperfusion results in subsequent resistance to severe ischemic insults. Very few in vivo IP models have been established for neonatal brain. We examined whether rapid, intermediate, and delayed IP against hypoxic-ischemia (HI) could be induced in neonatal brain, and if so, whether the IP involved phosphorylation of cAMP response element-binding protein (pCREB) after HI. Postnatal day 7 rat pups were subjected to HI at 2 h (2-h IP), 6 h (6-h IP), or 22 h (22-h IP) after IP. We found all three IP groups had significantly reduced neuronal damage and TUNEL-(+) cells 24 h post-HI than no-IP group. Compared with control, the no-IP group had significant decreases of pCREB and mitochondria Bcl-2 levels in the ipsilateral cortex 24 h post-HI. In contrast, the three IP groups had increased pCREB and mitochondria Bcl-2 levels, and significant differences were found between three IP and no-IP groups. The increases of cleavage of caspase-3 and poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase and of cells with nuclear apoptosis inducing factor post-HI in no-IP group were all significantly reduced in three IP groups. The increases of caspase-3 and calpain-mediated proteolysis of α-spectrin post-HI were significantly reduced only in 22-h IP group. Furthermore, all three IP groups had long-term neuroprotection at behavioral and pathological levels compared with no-IP group. In conclusion, IP, rapid, intermediate, or delayed, in neonatal rat brain activates CREB, up-regulates Bcl-2, induces extensive brakes on caspase-dependent and -independent apoptosis after HI, and provides long-term neuroprotection.

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