The efficacy of allogeneic perforated demineralized bone matrix with autogenous bone paste in the treatment of full-thickness cranial defects was evaluated in 10 consecutive patients between June 1998 and December 1998. The skull defects resulted from trauma in 9 patients and removal of a cranial tumor in 1 patient. The size of the skull defects ranged from 8 × 6 cm to 11 × 12.5 cm. Follow-up averaged 33 months for all patients. Postimplantation evaluations included serial photographs, repeated physical examination, and three-dimensional computed tomography for all patients. Visual inspection of the implanted biomaterial 6 months later was possible in 1 patient. The contour of the reconstructed skull was acceptable aesthetically without any secondary depression noted during the follow-up period. Three-dimensional computed tomographic scans taken 2 years after implantation indicated that the allogeneic perforated demineralized bone matrix provided a matrix for new bone formation with remarkable osteoinductive potential for new bone formation. The autogenous bone paste was able to caulk the demineralized bone matrix and fill the contour irregularities and gaps of the reconstructed cranium. The results from this clinical study indicated that allogeneic perforated demineralized bone matrix with autogenous bone paste is a promising alternative to an autogenous bone graft and or alloplastic material for cranioplasty.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Annals of Plastic Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1 2002|
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