Cost-effectiveness analysis of human papillomavirus vaccination in adolescent girls in Taiwan

Chao Hsiun Tang, Wen Fang Cheng, Jhih Hua Jiang, San Lin You, Lee Wen Huang, Jui Yu Hsieh, Piyali Mukherjee, Georges Van Kriekinge, Christa Lee

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three vaccines are available to Taiwanese young girls for cervical cancer (CC) prevention. Here we evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the two-dose (2D) AS04-adjuvanted HPV-16/18 vaccine (2D-AS04-HPV-16/18v)+screening compared with a screening programme alone, with 2D human papillomavirus 6/11/16/18 vaccine (2D-4vHPVv)+screening, and with 2D/three-dose (3D) human papillomavirus 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58 vaccine (9vHPVv)+screening, for Taiwan universal mass vaccination. Methods: A static Markov cohort model simulated the natural history of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and CC screening for a 12-year-old cohort of Taiwanese girls (N=120,000). The model ran in 1-year cycles over the cohort's lifetime. Vaccine efficacy irrespective of HPV type was considered in the analysis for each vaccine. Input data were obtained from published literature, local databases, government reports and websites, and expert opinion. The analysis incorporated direct medical costs only, with an annual discount rate of 3.0%. The threshold was determined as 1 Gross Domestic Product per capita (New Taiwan dollar [NT$] 727,818; year 2016). Results: The 2D-AS04-HPV-16/18v+screening yielded 0.0365 quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained at an additional cost of NT$ 5,770 per person compared with the screening programme alone. This resulted in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio well below the threshold. Compared with 2D-4vHPVv+screening and 2D/3D-9vHPVv+screening, discounted results demonstrated additional QALYs gained at lower cost for 2D-AS04-HPV-16/18v+screening, making it dominant over both 2D-4vHPVv+screening and 2D/3D-9vHPVv+screening. Conclusions: Vaccinating Taiwanese girls with 2D-AS04-HPV-16/18v in addition to screening to prevent CC is cost-effective compared with using a screening programme alone and the dominant option compared with 2D-4vHPVv+screening and 2D/3D-9vHPVv+screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1377-1387
Number of pages11
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume20
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Cost
  • Effectiveness
  • HPV vaccination
  • Taiwan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Oncology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Cancer Research

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  • Cite this

    Tang, C. H., Cheng, W. F., Jiang, J. H., You, S. L., Huang, L. W., Hsieh, J. Y., Mukherjee, P., Van Kriekinge, G., & Lee, C. (2019). Cost-effectiveness analysis of human papillomavirus vaccination in adolescent girls in Taiwan. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 20(5), 1377-1387. https://doi.org/10.31557/APJCP.2019.20.5.1377