Correlation of expression of CD44 isoforms and E-cadherin with differentiation in human urothelial cell lines and transitional cell carcinoma

Ruey Long Hong, Yeong Shiau Pu, Jan Show Chu, Wei Jei Lee, Yao Chang Chen, Cheng Wen Wu

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32 Citations (Scopus)


Using immunostaining, immunoblot, reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction and Southern blot, we found that expressions of CD44 isoforms and E-cadherin were very closely linked and were correlated with the differentiation status in human urothelial cell lines and clinical specimens of transitional cell carcinoma. Normal urothelium, well to moderately differentiated cell lines and surgical samples expressed E-cadherin and large CD44 isoforms containing exon v6, which was pivotal in metastasis of rat pancreatic cell line model. Poorly differentiated cell lines and surgical samples, were E-cadherin-negative and expressed primarily standard form CD44, which did not contain exon v6. We concluded that CD44v6 isoforms and E-cadherin were both down-regulated during the carcinogenesis of urothelium. The large exon v6 containing CD44 isoforms were readily detected in normal urothelium, therefore, were not likely linked to cancer metastasis. E-cadherin and CD44v6 may be used as differentiation markers for human urothelial tumors. Immunohistochemical study solely with antibody against epitopes encoded by exon v6 alone is not informative enough as other alternatively spliced exons may change the function of CD44v6 isoforms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)81-87
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 10 1995
Externally publishedYes



  • CD44
  • Differentiation
  • E-Cadherin
  • Transitional cell carcinoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology
  • Molecular Biology

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